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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  • Steven G. LittleEmail author
  • Margaret T. Gopaul
  • Angeleque Akin-Little
Chapter

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is believed to be the most frequently diagnosed childhood mental health disorder in the world (Furman, 2005). A recent meta-analysis investigating worldwide ADHD prevalence in children age 18 and under found an overall pooled estimate of 7.2% (Thomas, Sanders, Doust, Beller, & Glasziou, 2015). The prevalence rate in the USA is even higher. Pastor, Reuben, Duran, and Hawkins (2015) found that 9.5% of children in the USA aged 4–17 years had been diagnosed with ADHD. That means that approximately two million children in the USA exhibit symptoms of ADHD, ADHD ranks first in terms of referrals to primary care physicians (Barkley, 2006), and ADHD presents a significant challenge to educational systems (Forness & Kavale, 2002).

Keywords

ADHD Inattention Hyperactivity ADHD screening ADHD assessment ADHD psychoeducation ADHD intervention Psychopharmacology 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven G. Little
    • 1
    Email author
  • Margaret T. Gopaul
    • 1
  • Angeleque Akin-Little
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWalden UniversityMaloneUSA
  2. 2.Akin-Little and Little Behavioral Psychology ConsultantsMaloneUSA

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