School Refusal Behavior

  • Heather MartensEmail author
  • J. Arthur GillaspyJr.
  • Stephen R. Gillaspy


School refusal behavior (SRB), missing school due to truancy, school phobia, or anxiety, occurs in approximately 5–35% of students and often presents considerable challenges for educators, parents, and caregivers (Haight, Kearney, Hendron, & Schafer, 2011; Kearney, Lemos, & Silverman, 2004; Kearney, 2008b). Specifically, SRB is associated with school dropout, social dysfunction, low academic achievement, family conflict, poverty, employment difficulties, psychopathology, suicide attempts, and substance abuse. Not surprisingly, the majority students (56.7%) with SRB also have comorbid conditions such as anxiety disorders, mood disorders, enuresis, and posttraumatic stress disorder. A smaller percentage (4.2%) experience conduct disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (Kearney, 2006).


School refusal Truancy Intervention Community-school communication 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather Martens
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Arthur GillaspyJr.
    • 1
  • Stephen R. Gillaspy
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Central ArkansasConwayUSA
  2. 2.The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA

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