Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

  • Brittany M. HaydenEmail author
  • Brittany R. Patterson


Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is one of the most commonly occurring disorders in young children (Maughan, Rowe, Messer, Goodman, & Meltzer, 2004). According to the American Psychiatric Association’s (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5; 2013), ODD is included in the disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders and is characterized by a pattern of irritable, argumentative, and vindictive behavior lasting at least 6 months, as evidenced by at least four of the following symptoms: loss of temper, being touchy or easily annoyed, being angry and resentful, arguing with authority figures, actively defying or refusing to comply with adults’ rules and/or authority figures, deliberately annoying others, blaming others for their mistakes, or being spiteful or vindictive at least twice within the past 6 months. In addition, these symptoms must be demonstrated during interactions with at least one individual who is not a sibling (i.e., parent, teachers, authority figures, etc.). Children and adolescents with ODD may display negativity, rebelliousness, as well as antagonistic, stubborn, and challenging behaviors. These behaviors are often difficult for parents, caregivers, and teachers to manage.


Child and adolescent Parenting Co-occurring-disorders Screening Stepped-care Behavioral health Intervention ODD Prevention 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Outpatient Behavioral Health DepartmentSarah A. Reed Children’s CenterErieUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryCenter for School Mental Health, University of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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