• Sarah M. Lindeman
  • Alexandros MaragakisEmail author


The rise in obesity rates seen over the course of the last three decades has received significant attention from healthcare professionals and government officials (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2015a). Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey have shown a rise in adult prevalence rates from approximately 23% in the 1988–1994 survey to an estimated 34% in the 2005–2006 survey (CDC, 2015a). In addition, 10–15% of children meet the criteria for obesity (Mitchell, Catenacci, Wyatt, & Hill, 2011). These staggering rates are accompanied by increased risk of developing a wide range of diseases and health problems, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, sleep apnea (pauses in, or shallow, breathing while sleeping), and reproductive issues (CDC, 2015b; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), 2012). Due to these health complications, healthcare costs for obese patients are approximately $1,429 per year more than nonobese patients (CDC, 2015b). As prevalence rates for obesity remain alarmingly high, the need for healthcare providers to understand effective treatment options for this disease continues to grow. Fortunately, a large body of research regarding this topic provides substantial information to inform the treatment of patients with obesity.


Weight loss interventions Obesity treatment Integrated care Obesity Screening Outcome evaluation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology and CounselingUniversity of Central ArkansasConwayUSA
  2. 2.Eastern Michigan UniversityYpsilantiUSA

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