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Eating Disorders

  • Sarah L. RussellEmail author
  • Carol B. Peterson
  • Ann F. Haynos
Chapter

Abstract

There are several eating disorders recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED) are the most recognizable eating disorder diagnoses. AN is characterized by restriction of caloric intake relative to necessary energy requirements leading to significantly low body weight (often defined as <85% ideal body weight or IBW; American Psychiatric Association, 2006), accompanied by an intense fear of weight gain and distorted body image. Individuals with AN regularly engage in behaviors that impede weight gain (e.g., excessive dietary restriction, compulsive exercise, purging) regardless of their significantly low weight and may also engage in intermittent binge eating (i.e., eating a large amount of food in a short period of time while experiencing a sense that eating is out of control). BN is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behaviors (e.g., self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives or other weight-loss medications, fasting, compulsive exercise) used to prevent weight gain from binge eating that do not result in the individual being underweight. Finally, BED is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating without accompanying compensatory behaviors. In addition, a substantial portion of individuals with eating disorders fall into the category of Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorders (OSFED), which is characterized by disordered eating causing significant distress and/or clinical impairment that does not meet full criteria for AN, BN, or BED.

Keywords

Eating disorder Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa Binge eating disorder Other specified feeding or eating disorders (OSFED) Binge eating Purging Dietary restriction Compulsive exercise 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah L. Russell
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carol B. Peterson
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ann F. Haynos
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Social WorkSt. Catherine University and the University of St. ThomasSt. PaulUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Minnesota Medical CenterMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.The Emily ProgramMinneapolisUSA

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