Advertisement

Environmental News Coverage in Ecuador: New Resources, Old Media–State Tensions and Practices

  • Mercedes VigónEmail author
  • Juliet Pinto
  • Lilliam Martínez-Bustos
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Media and Environmental Communication book series (PSMEC)

Abstract

This chapter provides an update of Ecuadorian news coverage of environmental issues. Worsening media–state relations, a harsh legal environment for media criticism of political actors, and a national economy based in large part on neoextractivist activities present serious challenges for in-depth investigative reporting and have reduced journalists’ ability to investigate powerful domestic actors. At the same time, increasing national political attention to the impacts of climate change has opened the door for new opportunities to train and report on environmental issues. We find new openings for climate change reporting in certain contexts and provide discussion of new interfaces of media and state agendas.

References

  1. Abad, G. (2011). El club de la pelea. Gobierno y medios. Un entramado de fuerzas y debilidades. Quito: Ediciones Ciespal, 5.Google Scholar
  2. Arroyave, J., Pinto, J., & Blanco, I. (2007). Latin American journalists’ perceptions of the profession: Between exhaustion and fascination. Florida Communication Journal XXXIV, 36(2, Fall Issue), 67–76.Google Scholar
  3. Associated Press. (2016, August 8). US rules for Chevron in Ecuador Rain forests-damage case. Los Angeles Times. Retrieve from http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-chevron-ecuador-20160808-snap-story.html
  4. Banegas, D. (2012). Anuario de las empresas de comunicación de Ecuador 2011–2012. Loja: Editorial de la Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja.Google Scholar
  5. Cáceres-Silva, L. (2000). National Communication Republic of Ecuador. Climate Change. Report presented to the United Nations Framework Convention. Retrieved from http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/ecunc1.pdf. Quito: Gráficas Iberia.
  6. Campos García, A. (2009, October). PRECECAM final report: 5 years supporting disaster prevention in the Andean Community. Lima: Perú, General Secretariat of the Andean Community. Retrieved from http://www.preventionweb.net/files/12311_predecanfinalreportEN.pdf
  7. Castro Herrera, G. (2015, May). La crisis ambiental y las tareas de la historia en América Latina. Estudios Latinoamericanos, [S.l.], 1(2), 49–61. ISSN 2448-4946. Disponible en http://revistas.unam.mx/index.php/rel/article/view/49681. Fecha de acceso: 12 jun. 2017.
  8. Cerbino, M., Ramos, I., Maluf, M., & Coryat, D. (2014). The fight for public opinion: From mediatization of politics to the politicization of the media in Ecuador. In C. Martens, E. Vivares, & R. W. McChesney (Eds.), The international political economy of communication, International political economy series. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  9. Checa, A. (2011). La batalla política y legal en Ecuador ante la creación de un sector estatal de medios informativos. Anuario Americanista Europeo, 9, 2221–3872.Google Scholar
  10. Da Silva, S. (2012). Communication breakdown: The media effects on Ecuador’s environment. Earth Common Journal, 2(1). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/earthcommon/article/view/67
  11. Ecuador. (2008). Rights of the nature articles in Ecuador constitution. Global Alliance for the Rights for the Nature. Retrieved from https://therightsofnature.org/wp-content/uploads/pdfs/Rights-for-Nature-Articles-in-Ecuadors-Constitution.pdf
  12. El Comercio. (2017, June 11). Las reformas a la Ley Orgánica de Comunicación se discuten. Retrieved from http://www.elcomercio.com/actualidad/reformas-ley-comunicacion-ecuador-asamblea.html
  13. European Commission. (2010). Ecuador mid-term review and national indicative program 2011–2013. Brussels: EU-LACC Foundation. Retrieved from https://eulacfoundation.org/en/content/ecuador-mid-term-review-and-national-indicative-programme-2011-2013
  14. Fach Gómez, K. (2010). Latin America and ICSID: David versus Goliath? Law and Business Review of the Americas, 17.Google Scholar
  15. Figueroa, B. (2015, June). David and Goliath in the Amazon. Council on Hemispheric Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.coha.org/david-and-goliath-in-the-amazon/
  16. Fundamedios. (2010). La palabra rota. Seis investigaciones sobre el periodismo ecuatoriano. Quito: Editor Fundamedios.Google Scholar
  17. Fundamedios. (2017, May). Censura y autocensura. Retrieved from http://www.fundamediosbajoataque.org/pdf/censura.html
  18. Gehrke, M., Lizarazo, N., Noboa, P., Olmos, D., & Pieper, O. (2016). Panorama de los medios en Ecuador. Bonn: Deutsche Welle.Google Scholar
  19. Green-Barber, L. N. (2012). Information and communication technologies and social mobilization: The case of the indigenous movement in Ecuador, 2007–2011. Ph.D. dissertation, City University of New York.Google Scholar
  20. Hervieu, B., & Samson, E. (2010). El volcán mediático y su delicada regulación. Quito. Reporteros sin fronteras.Google Scholar
  21. InterAmerican Press Association (IAPA) Mid-Year Report. (2017). Antigua, Guatemala. Retrieved from http://en.sipiapa.org/notas/1211280-ecuador
  22. Jordán Tobar, R., & Pachana Macay, A. (2009). The media in Ecuador. In A. Albarran (Ed.), The handbook of Spanish language media (pp. 103–124). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  23. Krovel, R. (2011). Journalistic narratives of success and failure at the Bali Climate Change Conference in 2007. Intercultural Communication Studies, 20, 2.Google Scholar
  24. Latorre, S., Farrel, N., & Martínez-Alier, J. (2015). The commodification of nature and socio-environmental resisteance in Ecuador: An inventory of accumulation by dispossesion cases, 1980–2013. Ecological Economics, 116.Google Scholar
  25. Lewis, T. L. (2016). Hypothesis from Ecuador. Ecuador’s environmental revolutions: Ecoimperialists, ecodependents, and ecoresisters. MIT Press. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1b349k7.12
  26. Mairin, P. (2014). Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT initiative: A case study on international climate change mitigation narratives. University of Oregon. Retrieved from https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/handle/1794/18846
  27. Obregón, R., Arroyave, J., & Barrios M. M. (2009). Cubrimiento periodístico de la gestión del riesgo en la subregión andina. Discursos periodísticos y perspectivas desde la comunicación para el cambio social. Proyecto Apoyo a la Prevención de Desastres en la Comunidad Andina. Lima: Secretaría General de la Comunidad Andina.Google Scholar
  28. Obregón, R., Arroyave, J., & Barrios, M. M. (2010). Journalism and communication for risk management in the Andean region: Journalistic discourse for a preventive and prospective approach. Folios, 23, 105–135.Google Scholar
  29. Peck, M. (2014). Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT initiative: A case study on international climate change mitigation narratives. Oregon University. https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1794/18846/Peck_2014.pdf;sequence=1
  30. Pinto, J. (2012). Legislating ‘rights for nature’ in Ecuador. In Environment and citizenship in Latin America: Natures, subjects and struggles (Vol. 101, p. 227). Oxford: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  31. Pinto, J., Prado, P., & Tirado, J. (2017). Environmental news in South America: Crisis, contestation and conflict. New York: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Punín, M., Martínez, A., & Rencoret, N. (2014). Digital media in Ecuador—Future perspectives. Comunicar, 21(42), 199–207.Google Scholar
  33. Revkin, A. (2008, September 29). Ecuador constitution grants rights to nature. New York Times. Retrieved from https://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/29/ecuador-constitution-grants-nature-rights/?_r=0
  34. Rivera, J. (coord.). (2012). Mapa de medios digitales del Ecuador 2012. Quito: CIESPAL.Google Scholar
  35. Rivera Rogel, D. (2016). Ecuador. In R. Salaberría (Ed.), Ciberperiodismo en Iberoamerica (pp. 129–144). Barcelona: Ariel.Google Scholar
  36. Rivera Rogel, D., Punín Larrea, M. I., & Calva Cabrera, D. C. (2014). An analysis of the digital media agenda setting in Ecuador: A case study of Confirmado.net, Elciudadano.gov.ec and Informateypunto.com. Nova Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(4), 1–8.Google Scholar
  37. Rochlin, J. (2011). Development, the environment and Ecuador’s oil patch: The context and nuances of the case against Texaco. Journal of Third World Studies, 28(2), 11–39.Google Scholar
  38. Serrano, P. (2016). Medios democráticos: Una revolución pendiente en la comunicación. Madrid: Foca.Google Scholar
  39. Takahashi, B., & Martínez, A. (2017). Climate change communication in Perú. Climate Science: Oxford Research Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://climatescience.oxfordre.com/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.001.0001/acrefore-9780190228620-e-574
  40. The Economist. (2011, July 22). Freedom in Ecuador. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/blogs/americasview/2011/07/freedom-pressecuador
  41. The Guardian. (2013, August 16). Ecuador approves Yasuni national park oil drilling in Amazon. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/aug/16/ecuador-approves-yasuni-amazon-oil-drilling
  42. UNESCO. (2011). Assessment of media development in Ecuador – 2011. IPCD. Quito: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.Google Scholar
  43. Watts, J. (2017, March 19). Amazon land battle pits indigenous villages against might of Ecuador state. The Guardian.Google Scholar
  44. World Bank. (2008). Ecuador—Power and communication sectors modernization and rural services project. Washington, DC: World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/511831468038100223/Ecuador-Power-and-Communication-Sectors-Modernization-and-Rural-Services-Project
  45. World Bank. (2009). Ecuador—Power and communications sectors modernization and rural services project (promec). Washington, DC: World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/508391474632433407/Ecuador-Power-And-Communications-Sectors-Modernization-And-Rural-Services-Project-promec.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mercedes Vigón
    • 1
    Email author
  • Juliet Pinto
    • 2
  • Lilliam Martínez-Bustos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of JournalismFlorida International UniversityNorth MiamiUSA
  2. 2.Donald P. Bellisario College of CommunicationsThe Pennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA

Personalised recommendations