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Chapter 4 explores the shared discourse of pan-Latinism in Mexico and France. By analysing French and Mexican reactions to the Texan revolt (1835–36) and the subsequent US annexation of this former Mexican territory (in 1845) through diplomatic correspondence, newspapers, and the writings of publicists and journalists, as well as the speeches of politicians, this chapter shows that the ideas behind pan-Latinism can be identified earlier than the 1860s: they date back at least to the 1830s. The chapter shows that the Texan revolt (Texas Revolution) was as important, if not more important, in developing anti-Americanism in Latin America and France than the US-Mexican War (1846–48). This has important implications for the French intervention because it places Latinity at the centre of France’s transnational informal imperialism, and identifies the ideas behind it as an important factor in the decision of some Mexican elites to look towards France to further their own vision for the Mexican nation.