Advertisement

Towards Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development: Science, Technology, and Innovation Strategies and Policy Implications

  • Emine Nur Ozkan-Gunay
  • Gozde Nur Kazazoglu-Sahin
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the status of national science, technology, and innovation policies and their impacts on establishing the science, technology, and innovation (STI) ecosystem in Turkey following the global crisis of 2008 and provide policy recommendations to attain 2023 Goals for Turkey. Even though Turkey has made significant progress in building up its STI capacities since 2007, its economy continues to underperform in many key STI performance indicators compared to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and European Union averages. Turkey must introduce second-generation STI reforms and implement them immediately to become a highly productive and competitive economy through innovative and high-tech production and stable and high growth in the context of inclusive growth.

Keywords

Knowledge-based economy Inclusive growth Innovation Science, technology, and innovation (STI) Middle-income trap Emerging country 

JEL Codes

O11 O31 O38 O57 

References

  1. Ang, James, and Jakob B. Madsen. 2011. Can Second Generation Endogenous Growth Models Explain the Productivity Trends and Knowledge Production in Asian Miracle Economics? Review of Economics and Statistics 93 (4): 1360–1373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baldwin, Marjorie L., and William G. Johnson. 1996. The Employment Effects of Wage Discrimination Against Black Men. ILR Review 49 (2): 302–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bertelsmann Shiftung and Eurofound. 2014. Social Cohesion and Well-Being in the EU. https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_publication/field_ef_document/ef1472en.pdf.
  4. Birdsall, Nancy, David Ross, and Richard Sabot. 1995. Inequality and Growth Reconsidered: Lessons from East Asia. World Bank Economic Review 9 (3): 477–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Causa, Orsetta, Sophie Dantan, and Asa Johansson. 2009. Intergenerational Social Mobility in European OECD Countries, OECD Economics Department Working Papers 706.Google Scholar
  6. Choi, Kyung-Hee, et al. 2013. Experiences of Discrimination and Their Impact on the Mental Health Among African American, Asian and Pacific Islander, and Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men. American Journal of Public Health 103 (5): 868–874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Easterly, William, Jozef Ritzen, and Michael Woolcock. 2006. Social Cohesion, Institutions and Growth. Economics and Politics 18 (2): 103–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. European Commission. 2017. Smart Specialisation. https://ec.europa.eu/research/regions/index.cfm?pg=smart_specialisation. Accessed 28 June 2017.
  9. Galor, Oded, and Daniel Tsiddon. 1997. The Distribution of Human Capital and Economic Growth. Journal of Economic Growth 2 (1): 93–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Milgrom, Paul, and Sharon Oster. 1997. Job Discrimination, Market Forces, and the Invisibility Hypothesis. Quarterly Journal of Economics 102 (3): 453–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. OECD. 2012. OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/sti_outlook-2012-en.Google Scholar
  12. ———. 2016. OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/sti_in_outlook-2016-en.Google Scholar
  13. ———. 2017. Making Innovation Benefit All: Policies for Inclusive Growth. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://www.innovationpolicyplatform.org/system/files/Inclusive%20Growth%20publication%20FULL%20for%20web.pdf.
  14. Oxfam. 2017. Just 8 Men Own Same Wealth as Half the World. https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2017-01-16/just-8-men-own-same-wealth-half-world. Accessed 16 Jan 2017.
  15. Simsek, Mehmet. 2014. Escaping the Middle Income Trap: Turkey’s Strategy. Global Economic Symposium 2014 Proposals. http://www.global-economic-symposium.org/knowledgebase/escaping-the-middle-income-trap/proposals/escaping-the-middle-income-trap-turkey2019s-strategy/#_ftn3.
  16. TARABIS. 2017. http://tarabis.tubitak.gov.tr. Accessed 28 June 2017.
  17. ———. 2017. National Science, Technology and Innovation Statistics of Turkey. http://www.tubitak.gov.tr/en/content-national-science-technology-and-innovation-statistics-of-turkey.
  18. TURKSTAT. 2016. R&D Activities Survey 2015. http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=21782.
  19. Versey, Shellea, and Nicola Curtin. 2016. The Differential Impact of Discrimination on Health Among Black and White Women. Social Science Research 57: 99–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. World Bank. 2010. Innovation Policy: A Guide for Developing Countries. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2460.
  21. ———. 2017. http://data.worldbank.org/. Accessed 12 June 2017.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emine Nur Ozkan-Gunay
    • 1
  • Gozde Nur Kazazoglu-Sahin
    • 2
  1. 1.Grand National Assembly of TurkeyAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Istanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations