Fluvial Depositional System

  • Xinghe Yu
  • Shengli Li
  • Shunli Li
Part of the Advances in Oil and Gas Exploration & Production book series (AOGEP)


Rivers are not only the main geological agent for corroding and transforming continental topography and carrying weathered materials to lakes or seas but are also important sedimentary agents in continental areas. Given an appropriate structural environment and sedimentary background, sometimes a fluvial sedimentary stratum with thickness of thousands of meters can develop.


  1. Allen, J.R.L. 1964. Studies in fluviatile sedimentation. Six systems from the lower old red sandstone, Anglo-Welsh Basin. Sedimentology 3: 163–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allen, J.R.L. 1970. Sediments of the modern Niger Delta. In Deltaic sedimentation: Modern and ancient, vol. 15, ed. J.P. Morgan, 138–151. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publications.Google Scholar
  3. Allen, J.R.L. 1983. Studies in fluviatile sedimentation: Bars, bar-complexes and sandstone sheets (low sinuosity braided streams) in the Brownstones (L. Dexonian), Welsh Borders. Sedimentary Geology 33: 237–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bluck, B.J. 1974. Structure and directional properties of some valley sandur deposits in Southern Island. Sedimentology 21: 533–554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boothroyd, J.C. 1972. Coarse grained sedimentation on a braided outwashfan, Northeast Gulf of Alaska, 127. Tech, No. 6. C. R. D. Coastal Research Division, University of South Carolina, Columbia.Google Scholar
  6. Boothroyd, J.C., and G.M. Ashley. 1975. Process, bar morphology and sedimentary structures on braided out—wash fans, North-eastern Gulf of Alaska. In Glaciofluvial and galcilacustrine sedimentation, vol. 23, 193–222. Tulsa: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Minerologists.Google Scholar
  7. Bridge, J.S, and J.A. Diemer. 1983. Quantitative interpretation of an evolving ancient river system. Sedimentology 30 5: 599–623 (Blackwell Science).Google Scholar
  8. Cant D.J, and Walker R.G. 1976. Development of a braided-fluvial facies model for the Devonian Battery [J]. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 13(1): 102–119.Google Scholar
  9. Cant D.J., and Walker R.G. 1978. Fluvial processes and facies sequences in the sandy braided South Saskatchewan River, Canada[J]. Sedimentology, 25(5): 625–648.Google Scholar
  10. Chamberlin, T.C., and R.D. Salisbury. 1909. A college text-book of geology. H. Holt and CompanyGoogle Scholar
  11. Galloway, W.E. 1985. Meandering streams-modern and ancient. In Recognition of fluvial systems and their resource potential, vol. 19, ed. R.M. Flores, F.G. Ethridge, A.D. Miall, W.E. Galloway, and T.D. Fouch, 145–166 (SEPM Short Course).Google Scholar
  12. Galloway, W.E. 1983. Terrigenous clastic depositional systems: applications to petroleum, coal, and uranium exploration[M]. Springer.Google Scholar
  13. Hooke R L. 1967. Processes on Arid-Region Alluvial Fans[J]. Journal of Geology, 75(4): 438–460.Google Scholar
  14. Klein, G.V. 1972. A sedimentary model for determining Plaeotidal range. Geological Society of America Bulletin 82: 2585–2592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Laing, David. 1991. The earth system: An introduction to earth science. William C Brown PublishersGoogle Scholar
  16. Lane, Z.W. 1957. A study of the shape of channels formed by natural streams flowing in erodible material, vol. 9. Sediment Series, 106. Omaba, Nebraska: U. S. Armycops of Engineers Missouri River Division.Google Scholar
  17. Mckee, E.D., E.J. Crosby, and H.L. Berryhill Jr. 1967. Flood deposits, Bijoll Greek, Colorado, June 1965. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 37: 829–851.Google Scholar
  18. Miall, A.D. 1977. A review of the braided-river depositional environment. Earth-Science Reviews 13: 1–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Miall A D. 1978. Facies types and vertical profile models in braided river deposits: a summary [J]. Fluvial Sedimentology, 5.Google Scholar
  20. Miall, A.D., and M.R. Gibling. 1978. The Situro-Devonian clastic wedge of somerset island, Arctic Canada, and some regional paleogeographic implication. Sedimentary Geology 21.Google Scholar
  21. Miall, A.D. 1985a. Architectural element analysis: A new method of facies analysis applied to fluvial deposits. Earth Science Reviews 22: 261–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Miall, A.D. 1985b. Architectural-element analysis: A new method of facies analysis applied to fluvial deposits. In: Recognition of fluvial depositional systems and their resource potential, ed. Flores. R. S. P. M. short course No. 9. Copyright, SEPM.Google Scholar
  23. Miall, A.D. 1988. Reservoir heterogeneities in fluvial sandstones: Lessons from outcrop studies. Bulletin Association of American Petroleum Geologists 72: 682–697.Google Scholar
  24. Miall A.D. 1999. Perspectives; In defense of facies classifications and models [J]. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 69(1): 2–5.Google Scholar
  25. Orton, G.J., and H.G. Reading. 1993. Variability of deltaic processes in terms of sediment supply, with particular emphasis on grain size. Sedimentology 40: 475–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Plummer, C.C., and D. McGeary. 1996. Physical geology with interactive plate tectonics. Dubuque in United States: William C Brown PublishersGoogle Scholar
  27. Reineck H.E., Singh I.B. 1973. Importance of Sequence in Environmental Reconstruction [J].Google Scholar
  28. Rust, B.R. 1978. A classification of alluvial channel systems. In Fluvial sedimentology, ed. A.D. Miall, 187–198. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists.Google Scholar
  29. Rust B.R., Masson G., and Dilles S, et al. 1983. Fluvial style and its influence on coal deposition in the Carboniferous Sydney Basin of Nova Scotia [J]. Archives of Dermatology, 95(4): 402–7.Google Scholar
  30. Schumm, S.A. 1963. Sinuosity of alluvial rivers on the great plains. Geological Society of America Bulletin 74: 1089–1100.Google Scholar
  31. Schumm S.A. 1968. Speculations Concerning Paleohydrologic Controls of Terrestrial Sedimentation [J]. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 79(11): 1573–1588Google Scholar
  32. Smith, N.D. 1974. Sedimentology and bar formation in the upper Kicking Horse River, a braided river. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 42: 624–634.Google Scholar
  33. Smith, D.G., and P.E. Putnam. 1980. Anastomosed river deposits, modern and ancient examples in Alerta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences.Google Scholar
  34. Smith, D.G. 1983. Anastomosed fluvial deposits, modern examples from Western Canada. In Modem and ancient fluvial systems, vol. 6, ed. J.D. Collinson and J. Lewin, 155–168. International Association of Sedimentologists Publications.Google Scholar
  35. Thompson, G.R., and T. Jonathan. 1991. Modem physical geology. Saunder College Publishing, A Division of Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.Google Scholar
  36. Tunbridge I.P. 1981. Sandy high-energy flood sedimentation — Some criteria for recognition, with an example from the devonian of S.W. England[J]. Sedimentary Geology, 28(2): 79–95.Google Scholar
  37. Walker, T.R. 1976. Diagenetic origin of continental red beds. In The continental Permian in Central, West, and South Europe, ed. H. Falke, 240–282. Dordrecht: Reidel.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Walker, R.G. 1984a. Facies models, 2nd ed. Toronto: Geological Association of Canada. Business and Economic Service Limited.Google Scholar
  39. Walker, R.G. 1984b. Facies models. 2nd ed. Ainsworth Press Limited.Google Scholar
  40. Walker, R.G. 1984c. Shelf and shallow marine sands. In Facies models, vol. 1, ed. R.G. Walker, 141–170. Waterloo, Ontario: Geological Association of Canada.Google Scholar
  41. Walker, R.G, and D.J. Cant. 1979. Facies models 3. Sandy fluvial systems. In Facies Models, vol. 1, ed. R.G. Walker, 23–31. Geoscience of Canada (Reprint series).Google Scholar
  42. Walker, R.G., and D.J. Cant. 1984. Sandy fluvial systems. In Facies models, 2nd ed, ed. R.G. Walker, 171–188. Geoscience Canada.Google Scholar
  43. Williams, P.F., and B.R. Rust. 1969. The sedimentology of a braided river. Journal of Sedimentary Research 39: 649–679.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yu, Xinghe, Defa Wang, and Junmao Zheng. 1992. Lithofacies association types or sequences and depositional system of permian sandstones in North China. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 10 (1): 27–34.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.China University of GeosciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.China University of GeosciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations