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Epidemiology of Gender Differences in Diabetes and Obesity

  • Franck Mauvais-Jarvis
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1043)

Abstract

Some aspects of glucose homeostasis and energy balance are regulated differently in males and females. This review discusses the most fundamental gender differences in diabetes and obesity, including the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance, the prevalence and incidence of type 2 and type 1 diabetes, as well as the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and obesity. These gender-specific differences in glucose homeostasis and energy balance represent a source of factors that should be studied to develop gender-based therapeutic avenues for diabetes.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health (DK074970, DK107444), the American Diabetes Association (7-13-BS-101), and a VA Merit Review Award (BX003725).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology and MetabolismTulane University Health Sciences Center, School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA

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