A Visual Analysis of Changes to Weighted Self-Organizing Map Patterns
Estimating output changes by input changes is the main task in causal analysis. In previous work, input and output Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs) were associated when conducting causal analysis of multivariate and nonlinear data. Based on the SOM association, a weight distribution of the output conditional on a given input was obtained over the output map space. Such a weighted SOM pattern of the output changes when the input changes. In order to analyze the pattern change, it is important to measure the difference of the patterns. Many methods have been proposed for measuring the dissimilarity of patterns; however, it is still a major challenge to identify how patterns are different. In this paper, we propose a visual approach for analyzing changes to weighted SOM patterns. This approach extracts features that represent the difference of patterns by change and facilitates overall and detailed comparisons of pattern changes. Ecological data are used to demonstrate the usefulness of our approach and the experimental results show that it visualizes the change information effectively.
KeywordsSelf-Organizing map Weighted SOM pattern Pattern dissimilarity Information visualization Pattern change analysis
This research was partially supported by HMR+ SPARC Implementation Funding (BMRI 2015) under the Project G181478 and ARC’s Discovery Project funding scheme (DP150101134).
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