Modelling Under Varying Flows

  • Anacleto RizzoEmail author
  • Tamás Gábor Pálfy
  • Nicolas Forquet
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Water Science and Technology book series (BRIEFSWATER)


Constructed wetlands (CWs) subjected to variable loads present a series of challenges for designers and researchers. Classical design approaches (e.g. rule of thumbs or first-order kinetic model) are not suited to properly estimate the removal efficiencies of CWs under varying flows. The internal removal processes of CWs are expected to be influenced by the variation of influent pollutant concentrations and hydraulic loads for particular CW applications (e.g. stormwater or combined sewer overflow treatment). A powerful tool to properly study and design CWs under varying flows is given by mathematical model. Either for design or research purposes, mathematical models have been developed to simulate CWs subjected to varying flow and are revised in this chapter. Models used to simulate the hydraulic behaviour as well as the treatment performances of variable-flow CWs are reviewed. Moreover, future perspectives of mathematical models in this field are analysed in terms of design-support tools, process-based model for design purposes, and limitation for a wider application.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anacleto Rizzo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tamás Gábor Pálfy
    • 2
  • Nicolas Forquet
    • 2
  1. 1.IRIDRA S.r.l.FlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Irstea—National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and AgricultureVilleurbanneFrance

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