Treatment Techniques for Variable Flows

  • Katharina TonderaEmail author
  • Godecke-Tobias Blecken
  • Florent Chazarenc
  • Terry Lucke
  • Chris C. Tanner
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Water Science and Technology book series (BRIEFSWATER)


A wide range of ecotechnologies has been applied to treatment of variable stormwater and wastewater flows. Stormwater ponds and basins were already introduced as common ‘end-of-the-pipe’ treatment solutions in the 1960s, almost parallel to the first attempts to develop structured wastewater treatment with the help of plants, inspired by natural wetlands. Constructed wetlands specifically designed for the treatment of variable flows emerged in the 1990s and were joined by a growing group of vegetated filter systems, named bioretention filters, raingardens or retention soil filters, all following the principle of gravity-driven wastewater filtration. This chapter provides a general overview of these treatment facilities, including swales and buffer strips. Although the latter ones are gravity-driven filtration systems, they are commonly used for the treatment of road runoff and are highly adapted to fit into their landscape structure, they are described in a separate section. Each section includes references to detailed design and operation guidelines.


Constructed Wetlands (CWs) Stormwater Ponds Swales Floating Treatment Wetlands (FTWs) Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs) 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katharina Tondera
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Godecke-Tobias Blecken
    • 3
  • Florent Chazarenc
    • 4
  • Terry Lucke
    • 2
  • Chris C. Tanner
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental EngineeringRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.Stormwater Research GroupUniversity of the Sunshine CoastMaroochydoreAustralia
  3. 3.Urban Water EngineeringLuleå University of TechnologyLuleåSweden
  4. 4.Department of Energy Systems and EnvironmentInstitut Mines Telecom AtlantiqueNantes cedex 3France
  5. 5.National Institute of Water and Atmospheric ResearchHamiltonNew Zealand

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