Analysis of Visually Impaired Users’ Navigation Techniques in Complex and Non-complex Layout by Using Spectrum

  • Bavani RamayahEmail author
  • Azizah Jaafar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10645)


Visually Impaired (VI) users who assist by screen reader use various navigation techniques during their web navigation activities. This paper analyzed the usage of various navigation techniques in complex and non-complex layout. This study also examines the navigation behavior of VI users based on navigation techniques employed by VI users. This paper emphases on method called Spectrum which used to represent their navigation techniques in complex and non-complex layout. This effort provided a new frontier in analysing qualitative data in more efficiently. This study proven that VI users’ navigation techniques in complex layout is differ from non-complex layout and it strongly influenced by information scent.


Visually impaired users Spectrum Navigation Modular layout Complex layout 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Nottingham (Malaysia Campus)SemenyihMalaysia
  2. 2.Institute of Visual Informatics (IVI)University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)BangiMalaysia

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