Residential Architecture in Mediterranean Climates. Towards Optimized Passive Solutions for the Whole Year

  • Aurora Monge-Barrio
  • Ana Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Residential buildings in the European Union are on their way to improving energy efficiency, following the European objectives that will contribute to climate change mitigation. However, while heating consumption has been falling since 2000, cooling consumption and the installation of air conditioning are experiencing a significant increase, mostly in Southern Europe. Although cooling consumption represents a minor share in the total of European energy consumption, this trend is relevant considering the future warming conditions. Passive measures incorporated in the design of new or rehabilitated residential buildings, from the very beginning of the project to constructive details, are recognized for being key in the goal of achieving reduced consumptions both in winter and in summer, with optimized designs for all year long. Finally, envelopes and active occupants will be especially relevant in this challenge.


Energy consumption Energy efficiency Passive measures Heating degree days Cooling degree days Envelopes Active occupants 



We would like to thank Germán Campos ( for his assistance in the heating degree days and cooling degree days calculation for any hourly base. The authors also want to recognize the assistance of Ainhoa Arriazu and María Dolores Juri in the elaboration of maps provided in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aurora Monge-Barrio
    • 1
  • Ana Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez
    • 2
  1. 1.School of ArchitectureUniversity of NavarraPamplonaSpain
  2. 2.School of ArchitectureUniversity of NavarraPamplonaSpain

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