Climate Conditions and Future Scenarios in Southern Europe
To understand the general strategies to be applied in the design of the built environment, climate must be understood and incorporated as part of the conditioners of the design of buildings. But architecture must respond not only to actual but also future conditions in a warming and changing world. Southern Europe or the European Mediterranean Region is a well-defined region with similar climatic conditions, impacts and possibilities of adaptation to climate change, although with important differences that need to be understood. These differences are mainly based on the actual and future climate severity of the seasons which will have a direct repercussion in energy consumption to provide an adequate indoor environment to residential buildings.
KeywordsClimatic stratification and classification Climate change Heatwaves Cold waves Built environment
The authors want to thank the assistance of María Dolores Juri and Ainhoa Arriazu in the elaboration of the maps provided in this chapter.
- Cartalis, C. (2016). Climatic change in the built environment in temperate climates with emphasis on the Mediterranean Area. In S.-N. Boemi, O. Irulegi, & M. Santamouris (Eds.), Energy performance of buildings. Energy efficiency and built environment in temperate climates (pp. 19–36). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
- EEA. (2016). Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016: An indicator-based report.Google Scholar
- Gualdi, S., Somot, S., May, W., Castellari, S., Déqué, M., Adani, M., … Xoplaki, E. (2013). Future climate projections. In A. Navarra & L. Tubiana (Eds.), Regional assessment of climate change in the Mediterranean. Vol 1: Air, Sea and Precipitation and Water, Vol. 50 (pp. 53–118). Berlin: Springer Science + Business Media. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-5772-1.
- Huang, J. (2011). ASHRAE research project 1477-RP development of 3,012 typical year weather files for international locations. Final Report.Google Scholar
- Jentsch, M. F., James, P. A. B., Bourikas, L., & Bahaj, A. S. (2013). Transforming existing weather data for worldwide locations to enable energy and building performance simulation under future climates. Renewable Energy, 55, 514–524. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2012.12.049.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kovats R. S., Valentini, R., Bouwer, L. M., Georgopoulou, E., Jacob, D., Martin, E., … Soussana, J. (2014). Climate change 2014: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part B: Regional aspects. Contribution of working group II to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Europe, 1267–1326.Google Scholar
- Metzger, M. J., et al. (2005b). Supplementary material. Table S1. Description of the location of the EnS strata. Retrieved May 10, 2017 from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1466-822X.2005.00190.x/full.
- Ulbrich, U., Xoplaki, E., Dobricic, S., García-Herrera, R., Lionello, P., Adani, M., … Tsimplis, M. (2013). Past and current climate changes in the Mediterranean region. In A. Navarra & L. Tubiana (Eds.), Regional assessment of climate change in the Mediterranean. Vol 1: Air, sea and precipitation and water (pp. 9–51). Berlin: Springer Science + Business Media. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-5772-1.