Introduction. Resilience to Climate Change in the Built Environment in Southern Europe

  • Aurora Monge-Barrio
  • Ana Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Warming conditions derived from climate change directly affect the thermal behaviour and energy consumption of residential buildings. In Southern Europe, warmer temperatures in winter and summer and extreme heat-related events impact all population, but especially the most vulnerable, namely the elderly, people with disabilities and long-term illnesses and people in energy poverty. Residential buildings have an important share of the energy consumption in the European context, and they are characterized by their intergenerational population and different socio-economic statuses. Climate-Ready residential buildings must lean on passive measures from the very beginning of building design, aiming at future scenarios without forgetting current climate conditions, and constitute a challenge to architects and engineers.

Keywords

Climate-ready Vulnerable population Warming conditions Heatwaves Ageing People in energy poverty Retrofit measures 

References

  1. Bouzarovski, S. (2013). Energy poverty in the European Union : Landscapes of vulnerability, 276–289. http://doi.org/10.1002/wene.89.
  2. Carter, J. G. (2011). Climate change adaptation in European cities. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 3(3), 193–198.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2010.12.015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Climate action 2020. (n.d.). 2020 climate & energy package | Climate action. Retrieved March 16, 2017 from https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/strategies/2020_en.
  4. EEA. (2016). Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016: An indicator-based report.Google Scholar
  5. EPDB. (2010). Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast). Official Journal of the European Union, 13–35. http://doi.org/10.3000/17252555.L_2010.153.eng.
  6. European Commission. (n.d.). 2050 low-carbon economy | Climate action. Retrieved March 16, 2017 from https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/strategies/2050_en.
  7. EUROSTAT. (n.d.). Eurostat. Retrieved April 7, 2017 from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat.
  8. Haines, A., Kovats, R. S., Campbell-Lendrum, D., & Corvalan, C. (2006). Climate change and human health: Impacts, vulnerability and public health. Public Health, 120(7), 585–596.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2006.01.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hills, J. (2011). Fuel poverty: The problem and its measurement. Retrieved from http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/funding/fuel_poverty/hills_review/hills_review.aspx.
  10. IPCC. (2014). Climate change 2014: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability (Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability—Contributions of the Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report). 1–32. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2009.11.012.
  11. IPCC, Stocker, T. F., Qin, D., Plattner, G.-K., Tignor, M. M. B., Allen, S. K., … Midgley, P. M. (2013). Climate change 2013—The physical science basis. Intergovernmental panel on climate change. http://doi.org/10.1038/446727a.
  12. Kovats, S., Kristie, L. E., & Menne, B. (2003). Methods of assessing human health vulnerability and public health adaptation to climate change. Health and Global Environmental Change. Series No.1.Google Scholar
  13. Kovats, R. S., Valentini, R., Bouwer, L. M., Georgopoulou, E., Jacob, D., Martin, E., … Soussana, J. (2014). Climate change 2014: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part B: Regional aspects. Contribution of working group II to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Europe, 1267–1326.Google Scholar
  14. Matthies, F., Bickler, G., Marin, N., & Hales, S. (2008). Heat–health action plans. WHO Europe, 45. Retrieved from http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/95919/E91347.pdf.
  15. Metzger, M. J., Bunce, R. G. H., Jongman, R. H. G., Mücher, C. A., & Watkins, J. W. (2005). A climatic stratification of the environment of Europe. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 14(6), 549–563.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-822X.2005.00190.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Roaf, S., Crichton, D., & Nicol, F. (2009). Adapting buildings and cities for climate change—A 21st century survival guide second edition. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-85617-720-7.00001-2.
  17. Santamouris, M. (2016). Innovating to zero the building sector in Europe: Minimising the energy consumption, eradication of the energy poverty and mitigating the local climate change. Solar Energy, 128, 61–94.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2016.01.021.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. UNFCCC. (1998). Kyoto protocol to the United Nations framework Kyoto protocol to the United Nations framework. Review of European Community and International Environmental Law, 7, 214–217.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9388.00150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. UNFCCC. (2015). Report of the Conference of the Parties on its twenty-first session, held in Paris from 30 November to 13 December 2015. Addendum-Part Two: Action Taken by the Conference of the Parties, 1194 (January), 1–36. Retrieved from http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2015/cop21/eng/10a01.pdf.
  20. Ürge-vorsatz, D., & Herrero, S. T. (2012). Building synergies between climate change mitigation and energy poverty alleviation, (October). http://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.11.093.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aurora Monge-Barrio
    • 1
  • Ana Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez
    • 2
  1. 1.School of ArchitectureUniversity of NavarraPamplonaSpain
  2. 2.School of ArchitectureUniversity of NavarraPamplonaSpain

Personalised recommendations