Future Water Requirements for Prevailing Cropping Pattern

Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Water Science and Technology book series (BRIEFSWATER)

Abstract

The objective of this chapter was to calculate the values of water consumptive use for the studied crops in the prevailing cropping pattern in 2030 under the effect of climate change in the five agro-climatic zones in Egypt. The projected values of soil temperature on the level of each agro-climatic zone in 2030 revealed that there will be an increasing trend in its value in 2030, compared to its counterpart values in 2015. The highest differences will occur in the summer season from May to September. Whereas, in the winter season, there will be small differences between soil temperature in 2015 and 2030 from September to December, then the difference becomes higher from January to April. Furthermore, soil moisture content in the layer of 0–10 cm in 2030 will be reduced to the degree that it will have the same value in the winter as the summer due to increase in soil evaporation, which will reduce soil moisture content to a very low level. These results were true for the five agro-climatic zones in Egypt. This, in turn, can result in increased water requirements for cultivated crops.

Keywords

Soil temperature Soil moisture content Climate change Water consumptive use 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Requirements and Field Irrigation Research DepartmentSoils, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Astronomy and Meteorology Department, Faculty of Science (Boys)Al-Azhar UniversityCairoEgypt

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