Cropping Pattern to Face Salinity Stress

Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Water Science and Technology book series (BRIEFSWATER)

Abstract

In Egypt, salt-affected soils exist in 830,000 hectares located in the first, second and third agro-climatic zones. This area is distributed by 36, 23 and 8% in these three agro-climatic zones, respectively Develop cropping pattern under the condition of salt-affected soils require implementation of crop rotations to minimize the harm effects of salinity on crops (Ouda et al. 2016). Thus, the objective of this chapter was to develop cropping pattern that can maximize crops production and combat salinity stress in the five agro-climatic zone of Egypt. Three crop rotations were developed to reduce the harmful effect of salinity on the crops grown in the first, second and third ago-climatic zones. Furthermore, cultivation on raised beds and polycropping was suggested as improved management practices to be implemented inside the suggested crop rotations. The use of these three practices was integrated with the prevailing cropping pattern and new cropping pattern was developed. The total cultivated area under the suggested cropping pattern that faces salinity stress was about 9.2 million hectares, with 46% increase in the cultivated area, compared to the implemented cropping pattern in 2014/15.

Keywords

Salt-affected soils Raised beds cultivation Polycropping Intercropping techniques Cultivation of three crops per year 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Requirements and Field Irrigation Research DepartmentSoils, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Crops Intensification Research DepartmentField Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt

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