Introduction of Management Planning for Cultural World Heritage Sites

  • Christina CameronEmail author
  • Mechtild Rössler


This chapter traces the introduction of management planning for cultural World Heritage Sites from a vaguely worded requirement in 1977 to a fully developed obligation in 2005 and beyond. It examines various aspects in the evolution towards a mature management planning framework, including issues of traditional management, participation of local communities, and relationship to the values of the property. In the early years, natural World Heritage Sites benefitted from the expertise and previous practical experience in management planning brought to the table by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), advisors on natural World Heritage Sites. The cultural sector was slow to catch up to its natural heritage counterparts, but by the late 1990s, management planning requirements for cultural sites were equivalent to those for natural sites. These obligations were formally set out in major revisions to the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention in 2005. Requirements have not changed since the drafting of the 2005 Operational Guidelines. Management plans or documented management systems must be prepared for all sites and must explain how the outstanding universal value of a property should be preserved, preferably through participatory means. Drawing on the experience of the 1990s, the 2005 guidelines recognize that such planning needs to remain flexible. The chapter concludes that the World Heritage Convention has played a major standard-setting role in the evolution of management provisions. Good practices in implementing management planning guidelines will contribute to the protection of these special places for present and future generations.


World heritage Management planning Conservation and management Guidelines ICOMOS 


  1. Cameron, C., & Mechtild, R. (2013). Many voices, one vision: The early years of the world heritage convention. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Feilden, B., & Jokilehto, J. (1993). Management guidelines for world cultural heritage sites. Rome: ICCROM.Google Scholar
  3. Stovel, H. (2008). Origins and influence of the Nara document on authenticity. APT Bulletin, 39, 2–3.Google Scholar
  4. Larsen, K. E. (Ed.). (1995). Nara Conference on Authenticity in relation to the World Heritage Convention: Proceedings, Nara, Japan, 1–6 November 1994. Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Center.Google Scholar
  5. UNESCO. (2010). Managing disaster risks for World Heritage. Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Center.Google Scholar
  6. UNESCO. (2011). Preparing World Heritage Nominations (2nd ed.). Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Center.Google Scholar
  7. UNESCO. (2012). Managing natural World Heritage. Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Center.Google Scholar
  8. UNESCO. (2013). Managing cultural World Heritage (World Heritage resource manual). Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Center.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MontrealMontrealCanada
  2. 2.UNESCO World Heritage CentreParisFrance

Personalised recommendations