Colonial Judges in a Fading Empire, 1961–1965
This chapter examines the High Court Bench between 1961 and 1965, when it remained almost entirely populated by colonial judges. The government sought to maintain professional legal standards and thus the dearth of Tanganyikan Africans with legal qualifications prevented it from placing any Africans on the Bench during this period. This chapter argues, paradoxically, that colonial judges remaining on the Bench was a key part of the process of decolonising the Bench because it allowed the government to maintain the standards set out in the Constitution for judicial appointments and gave it time to train African citizens to become judges. This chapter also investigates the motivations of colonial judges and magistrates for remaining on the Bench during the twilight of the British Empire.