The Marginalisation of the High Court Under Indirect Rule, 1920–1944
This chapter examines the High Court between 1920 and World War II, arguing that as the system of indirect rule became more deeply entrenched in Tanganyika, colonial judges and professional magistrates were increasingly marginalised in the sphere of colonial justice by the administration. The Native Courts Ordinance of 1929 removed the Native Courts from the jurisdiction of the High Court and allowed the administration to prevent Africans from accessing it. This reduced the authority of judicial officials while enhancing the judicial powers of administrative officers. Though severely limited in their role in the administration of justice after 1929, colonial judges were nonetheless essential because they served both symbolic and practical functions, which facilitated the development of the territory and British rule.