Validity and Freedom Research

  • Karen McArdle
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Education Research Methods book series (PSERM)


The first chapter explained that I was not throwing the baby out with the bathwater and that Freedom Research demands robustness and does not shy away from validity. Quality criteria are central to Freedom Research and demand a clear statement of the Values being, or that have been, used. Modernist ideas see validity as a kind of quality control on production—an inappropriate view when knowledge generated is complex and Values driven, and understood differently by different people.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen McArdle
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AberdeenAberdeenUK

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