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All academics find their work subject to judgement by many different people and they are constantly having to make judgements on the work of others. The exercise of judgement is central to the daily life and work of an academic. Such judgements are often a blend of the technical and the ethical, matters of competence, as well as elements of character. This chapter puts academic judgements under the spotlight, exploring their nature and importance, the criteria deployed in their exercise and the factors that influence their outcomes. Examples are provided of typical academic judgements about students and colleagues called for in the course of an academic’s work. The chapter ends by situating these judgements within the broader context of personal ideals and religious beliefs.