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Respiratory Complications of Maxillofacial and Otolaryngologic Disorders

Chapter
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)

Abstract

Congenital and acquired disorders affecting the upper airways are common in children. Their effect on breathing varies, but in general it consists of inspiratory or expiratory airflow limitation or impairment in lung protection from inhaled or aspirated material. The limitation to airflow can be anatomic (e.g., choanal atresia) or functional (e.g., vocal cord dysfunction). Obstruction above the thoracic inlet may be congenital or acquired in etiology. Airway obstruction below the thoracic inlet may cause expiratory obstruction only (dynamic lesions) or biphasic obstruction and stridor (fixed lesions). The following chapter reviews the pathophysiology of the upper airway obstruction as well as specific anatomic and functional disorders affecting the upper airways.

Keywords

Stridor Upper airway obstruction Aspiration Vocal cords Aerodigestive 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mayo Clinic Children’s CenterRochesterUSA

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