Applications of Titania as a Heterogeneous Catalyst for Degradation of Landfill Leachates

Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

It is generally needed for globally practiced and cost-effective disposal of municipal solid waste technique. Thus, this chapter focused on applications, modification, and recent development of photocatalysis for municipal solid waste landfill leachate treatment under solar light irradiation. Landfill leachate is generated when municipal solid waste is disposed of essentially because of the percolation of rainwater through the waste decomposition and landfill layers. The direct use of solar radiation is highly attractive for landfill treatments for better cost reduction, synergistic effect, economic aspects reduction of toxicity, decomposition of various pollutants, energy consumption, and environmental concerns. As concerned with photocatalytic technique, several key parameters play an important role to optimize the photocatalytic activities including O2, pH, and biological and chemical oxygen demand ratios. In addition, developing of modified photocatalysis via physical and structural modification methods could considerably simulate the synergistic effects, adsorb natural sunlight, increased oxidation, and benefits on better photodegradation of landfill pollutants. Positive and negative aspects subjected toward the photocatalysis treatment of landfill leachate treatment have been discussed and highlighted coupled with future research trends and outlooks.

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nurhidayatullaili Muhd Julkapli
    • 1
  • Samira Bagheri
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research CentreUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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