Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity by Using Modification Activated Carbon

  • Samira Bagheri
  • Nurhidayatullaili Muhd Julkapli
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


The core purpose of this chapter is to focus the developments of effective, safe, economic, and eco-friendly catalytic systems to convert lignocellulosic biomass to the activated carbon materials. The synthesized activated carbon can be further used as a support material in the photocatalysis applications. The drawbacks of activated carbon productions raised by energy assumption and product selectivity have uplifted to develop sustainable carbon for the synthesis process, where catalytic conversion is accounted. This catalytic conversion process through either homogeneous or heterogeneous approach conforming to mild condition provided bulk, nanostructure, and mesoporous carbon materials. These features of carbon nanomaterials are basic necessities for the efficient photocatalytic and low-energy systems. Because of the excellent oxidizing features, long-term stability, and cheapness, semiconductor nanostructures are utilized greatly in photocatalytic reactors. In practical, such conductors suffer from loss of photocatalytic activity and separation steps. To overcome such drawbacks, appropriate consideration has been specified to improve supported semiconductor nanocatalysts, and certain matrixes of carbon nanomaterials such as carbon nanofibers, carbon nanotubes, carbon microspheres, activated carbons, and carbon black have been lately considered and reported. Activated carbon has been reported as a potential catalyst support in the photocatalytic systems due to its ability to improve the interface charge transfer rate and lowers the holes and the electrons recombination rate.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samira Bagheri
    • 1
  • Nurhidayatullaili Muhd Julkapli
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research CentreUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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