Advertisement

Definitions and Perspectives

Chapter
  • 907 Downloads
Part of the International and Cultural Psychology book series (ICUP)

Abstract

“Culture” has become a central focus of study across virtually all disciplines in the social sciences. The importance of culture as a mediating and/or moderating variable in education, psychology, human relations, business and virtually all human experience has been acknowledged. This book is designed to present a specific view of culture, its psychological functions and implications for human development, inter-cultural relations and adaptation.

Keywords

Culture and ecology Human needs Meaning Culture as a psychological defense Roadmap for living Samoan Yup’ik 

References

  1. Albert, R. A. (1983). The intercultural sensitizer or culture assimilator: A cognitive approach. In D. Landis & R. Brislin (Eds.), Handbook of intercultural training (Vol. II, pp. 186–217). New York: Pergamon.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ansbacher, H., & Ansbacher, R. (1946). The individual psychology of Alfred Adler. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  3. Becker, E. (1971). The birth and death of meaning (2nd ed.). New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  4. Becker, E. (1973). The denial of death. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  5. Bennett, D. H., & Holmes, D. S. (1975). Influences of denial (situational redefinition) and projection on anxiety associated with threat to self–esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 915–921.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Burish, T. G., & Houston, B. K. (1979). Causal projection, similarity projection, and coping with threat to self esteem. Journal of Personality, 47, 57–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Faulkner, S. L., Baldwin, J. R., Lindsley, S. L., & Hecht, M. L. (2006). Layers of meaning: An analysis of definitions of culture. In J. R. Baldwin, S. L. Faulkner, M. L. Hecht, & S. L. Lindsley (Eds.), Redefining culture: Perspectives across the disciplines (pp. 27–51). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  8. Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., & Pyszczynski, T. (1997). Terror management theory of self-esteem and cultural worldviews: Empirical assessments and conceptual refinements. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 29, pp. 61–139). San Diego, CA: Academic.Google Scholar
  9. Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., Pyszczynski, T., Rosenblatt, A., Burling, J., Lyon, D., Simon, L., & Pinel, E. (1992). Why do people need self-esteem? Converging evidence that self-esteem serves an anxiety-buffering function. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63(6), 913–922. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.63.6.913.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Greenfield, P. M. (2009). Linking social change and developmental change: Shifting pathways of human development. Developmental Psychology, 45, 401–418.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Greenfield, P. M., Maynard, A. E., & Childs, C. P. (2003). Historical change, cultural learning, and cognitive representation in Zinacantec Maya children. Cognitive Development, 18, 455–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Greenfield, P. M., Maynard, A. E., & Marti, F. A. (2009). Implications of commerce and urbanization for the learning environments of everyday life: A Zinacantec Maya family across time and space. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 935–952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Herskovits, M. J. (1955). Cultural anthropology. New York: Knof.Google Scholar
  14. Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  15. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., & Minkov, M. (2010). Culture and organizations: Software of the mind (3rd ed.). London: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  16. Jonas, E., & Fritsche, I. (2013). Destined to die but not to wage war: How existential threat can contribute to escalation or de-escalation of violent intergroup conflict. American Psychologist, 68, 543–558.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Keller, H., & Lamm, B. (2005). Parenting as the expression of socio-historical time: The of German individuation. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29, 238–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kluckhohn, C., & Kelly, W. H. (1945). The concept of culture. In R. Linton (Ed.), The science of man in the world culture (pp. 78–105). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Kluckhohn, C. (1954). Southwestern studies of culture and personality. American Anthropologist, 56(4), 685–697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kluckhohn, C. (1956). Culture and behavior. In G. Lindsey (Ed.), Handbook of social psychology (Vol. II, pp. 921–976). Redding, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  21. Kroeber, A. L., & Kluckhohn, C. (1952). Culture: A critical review of concepts and definitions, Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University. Cambridge, MA: The Museum.Google Scholar
  22. Kruglanski, A. W., Belanger, J. J., Gelfand, M., Gunarantna, R., Hettiarachchi, M., Reinares, F., Orehek, E., Sosata, J., & Sharvit, K. (2013). Terrorism—A (self) love story: Redirecting the significance quest can end violence. American Psychologist, 68, 559–575. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032615.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Leary, M. R., Barnes, B. D., & Griebel, C. (1986). Cognitive, affective, and attributional effects of potential threats to self-esteem. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 4, 461–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lederach, J. P. (1995). Preparing for peace: Conflict transformation across cultures. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Linton, R. (1945). The cultural background of personality. New York.Google Scholar
  26. Marx, K., & Engels, F. (1886). Manifesto of the communists. London: International Publishing.Google Scholar
  27. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  29. Maslow, A. H. (1968). Toward a psychology of being. New York: D. Van Nostrand.Google Scholar
  30. Maslow, A. H. (1970a). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  31. Maslow, A. H. (1970b). Religions, values, and peak experiences. New York: Penguin. (Original work published 1964).Google Scholar
  32. Matilal, B. K. (1981). The Central Philosophy of Jainism (Anekantavada), L.D. Series 79. Ahmedabad.Google Scholar
  33. Maynard, A. E., & Greenfield, P. M. (2008). Women’s schooling and other ecocultural shifts: A longitudinal study of historical change among the Zinacatec Maya. Mind, Culture, and Activity, 15, 165–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. McGregor, H. A., Lieberman, J. D., Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., Simon, L., Arnt, J., & Pyszczynski, T. (1998). Terror management and aggression: Evidence that mortality salience motivates aggression against worldview-threatening others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 590–605.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Napoleon, H. (1996). AK: University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska: Native Knowledge Network.Google Scholar
  36. Parson, T. (1949). Essays in sociological theory. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.Google Scholar
  37. Rohner, R. P. (1984). Toward a conception of culture for cross-cultural psychology. Journal of Cross-cultural psychology, 15(2), 111–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Salzman, M. (1990). The construction of an intercultural sensitizer for training non-Navajo personnel. Journal of American Indian Education, 1, 112–118.Google Scholar
  39. Salzman, M. (1991). A Navajo intercultural sensitizer. Center for cross-cultural studies college of rural Alaska. Fairbanks, AK: University of Alaska Fairbanks.Google Scholar
  40. Salzman, M. (2001a). Globalization, culture & anxiety. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 10(4), 337–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Salzman, M. (2001b). Cultural trauma and recovery: Perspectives from terror management theory. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 2(2), 172–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Salzman, M. B., & Halloran, M. J. (2004). Cultural trauma and recovery: Cultural meaning, self-esteem, and the re-construction of the cultural anxiety-buffer. In J. Greenberg, S. L. Koole, & T. Pyszczynski (Eds.), Handbook of experimental existential psychology (pp. 231–246). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  43. Salzman, M. B. (2008). Globalization, religious fundamentalism and the need for meaning. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 32(4), 318–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Schimel, J., Hayes, J., Williams, T., & Jahrig, J. (2007). Is death really the worm at the core? Converging evidence that worldview threat increases death-thought accessibility. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(5), 789–803. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.92.5.789.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Shweder, R. A. (1991). Thinking through culture. Expeditions in cultural psychology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Simanu, A. M. (2002). O si manu a alii: A text for the advanced study of samoan language and culture. Hawai‘i: UH Press Honolulu.Google Scholar
  47. Skinner, B. F. (1981). Selection by consequences. Science, 213, 501–504.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Smith, P. B., Fischer, R., Vignoles, V. L., & Bond, M. H. (2013). Understanding social psychology across cultures: Engaging with others in a changing world (2nd ed.). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  49. Tamasese, T. T. (2009). Su’esue’e Manogi: In search of frangrance.Google Scholar
  50. Triandis, H. C. (1994). Culture and social behavior. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  51. Triandis, H. C., & Gelfand, M. (2012). A theory of individualism and collectivism. In P. A. M. Van Lange, A. W. Kruglanski, & E. T. Higgins (Eds.), Handbook of social psychological theories (Vol. 2, pp. 498–520). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yalom, I. (1980). Existential psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of Hawai‘i at ManoaHonoluluUSA

Personalised recommendations