Driving Forces and Barriers for a Sustainable Energy Mix in Fragile Environments: North–South Perspectives

  • Michael S. Quinn
Part of the Social and Ecological Interactions in the Galapagos Islands book series (SESGI)


The Galapagos Islands are a biodiversity hotspot and world-class tourist destination with exponentially increasing visitation. Like other remote fragile environments, the islands face pressing challenges to meet energy needs in a secure, economically efficient, socially acceptable and environmentally appropriate manner. The transition to a lower carbon energy future will require exploration of new mixes of energy production in a way that maintains flexibility in the face of change and uncertainty. This chapter provides and summarizes the drivers and barriers to achieving a more sustainable energy mix. Precedents from other remote, fragile environments are offered as examples of potential approaches.



This chapter was influenced by the content of a panel presentation with participation from Byron Chiliguinga-Mazon (OLADE), Horacio Cuevas (Inter-American Development Bank), Sarah Jordaan (University of Calgary) and Adriana Valencia (Inter-American Development Bank). The Institute for Environmental Sustainability at Mount Royal University provided financial support to convene the panel.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mount Royal UniversityCalgaryCanada

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