The Stiff Knee

  • Fred D. Cushner
  • David A. CrawfordEmail author
  • Keith R. Berend
  • Stephen Petis
  • Robert Trousdale


It is not uncommon for patients to describe a stiff knee in the immediate postoperative period. While they believe their knee is “stiff,” often these stiff knees have ROM of greater than 120° flexion. For the sake of discussion, this discussion will focus on knees with less than 90° of flexion in the immediate postoperative period. Lotke et al. were a bit more restrictive in their definition of stiffness. They considered a knee stiff if there was greater than a15° flexion contracture and less than 75° of motion. With this definition, an overall incidence in over 1000 consecutive knees was 1.3%. As expected limited preoperative ROM was more likely to have postoperative limitations in this series.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred D. Cushner
    • 1
  • David A. Crawford
    • 2
    Email author
  • Keith R. Berend
    • 2
  • Stephen Petis
    • 3
  • Robert Trousdale
    • 3
  1. 1.Northwell Health Orthopedic InstituteNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Joint Implant Surgeons, Inc.New AlbanyUSA
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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