The Varus Knee

  • Giles R. ScuderiEmail author
  • Trevor P. Scott
  • Amar S. Ranawat
  • Chitranjan S. Ranawat
  • Chad D. Watts
  • Walter B. Beaver
  • Trevor J. Shelton
  • Stephen M. Howell


Osteoarthritis with a varus deformity is one of the most common deformities presenting for total knee arthroplasty. At the present time, there are various options for correcting a fixed varus deformity, but it is well accepted that accurate soft tissue balance with restoration of the mechanical alignment of the knee joint is critical to a successful outcome. Soft tissue release has evolved over the years, to more sequential and controlled releases of the medial supporting structures. Understanding the implications with soft tissue release is paramount to a successful total knee arthroplasty and restoration of accurate alignment.


Varus deformity Medial release Medial collateral ligament Alignment Total knee arthroplasty Soft tissue balance 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giles R. Scuderi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Trevor P. Scott
    • 2
  • Amar S. Ranawat
    • 2
  • Chitranjan S. Ranawat
    • 2
  • Chad D. Watts
    • 3
  • Walter B. Beaver
    • 3
  • Trevor J. Shelton
    • 4
  • Stephen M. Howell
    • 5
  1. 1.Northwell Orthopedic InstituteNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Adult Reconstruction and Joint Replacement, Hospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Hip and Knee Center, OrthoCarolinaCharlotteUSA
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of California, Davis Medical CenterSacramentoUSA
  5. 5.Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of California at Davis Methodist HospitalSacramentoUSA

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