Introduction to Computing

  • Bhim P. UpadhyayaEmail author
Part of the Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science book series (UTICS)


The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) defines computing as “the use of operation of computers”; similarly, computation is defined as “the action of mathematical calculation.” In daily life, we often find these words being used interchangeably even though the scientific community makes a distinction. Let’s first analyze computation as it appeared first in human civilization, formally with the invention of numbers.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carnegie Mellon University – Silicon ValleyMoffett FieldUSA

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