Body Temperature, Heat Flow, and Evaporation

  • Toshiyo TamuraEmail author
  • Ming Huang
  • Tatsuo Togawa


Wearable thermometers are popular devices for measuring body temperature during fever, as well as basal temperature in women. They are easy to handle, inexpensive, and accurate and provide continuous recordings. Most wearable thermometers connect to a smartphone or tablet to display data. Many forms of wearable thermometer are available, such as touch, patch, and invisible (radiometry) types. In this review, we describe and discuss currently available wearable thermometers.


Body temperature Wearable thermometer Tattoo thermometer Deep body thermometer Continuous monitoring Digital thermometer Home health care Heat flow Energy expenditure Humidity 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Future Robotics OrganizationWaseda UniversityShinjukuJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Information ScienceNara Institute of Science and TechnologyIkomaJapan
  3. 3.School of Human SciencesWaseda UniversityTokorozawa, SaitamaJapan

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