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Current Technologies Based on the Knowledge of the Stem Cells Microenvironments

  • Damia Mawad
  • Gemma Figtree
  • Carmine GentileEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1041)

Abstract

The stem cell microenvironment or niche plays a critical role in the regulation of survival, differentiation and behavior of stem cells and their progenies. Recapitulating each aspect of the stem cell niche is therefore essential for their optimal use in in vitro studies and in vivo as future therapeutics in humans. Engineering of optimal conditions for three-dimensional stem cell culture includes multiple transient and dynamic physiological stimuli, such as blood flow and tissue stiffness. Bioprinting and microfluidics technologies, including organs-on-a-chip, are among the most recent approaches utilized to replicate the three-dimensional stem cell niche for human tissue fabrication that allow the integration of multiple levels of tissue complexity, including blood flow. This chapter focuses on the physico-chemical and genetic cues utilized to engineer the stem cell niche and provides an overview on how both bioprinting and microfluidics technologies are improving our knowledge in this field for both disease modeling and tissue regeneration, including drug discovery and toxicity high-throughput assays and stem cell-based therapies in humans.

Keywords

Stem cell niche Microenvironment In vitro 3D models Organoids Bioprinting Tissue fabrication 

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science, School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Sydney Medical School, University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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