‘The Times, They Are a Changin’

  • Lucy Neville


This chapter looks at how the perception of women’s involvement in the consumption of pornography is changing in this post Fifty Shades … world. It explores how the 525 women surveyed and interviewed see women’s consumption of porn as having changed since they first engaged with m/m SEM. It also examines how engagement with m/m porn and erotica has changed the women’s own views around gender, sex, and sexuality.


  1. Abrams, K. (2012). Disenchanting the public/private distinction. In A. Sarat et al. (Eds.), Imagining new legalities. Stanford, CA: SUP.Google Scholar
  2. Attwood, F. (2007). No money shot? Commerce, pornography, and new sex taste cultures. Sexualities, 10(4), 441–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Attwood, F. (2010a). Porn studies: From social problem to cultural practice. In F. Attwood (Ed.), (pp. 1–13). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  4. Attwood, F. (2010b). ‘Younger, paler, decided less straight’: The new porn professionals. In F. Attwood (Ed.), (pp. 88–104). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  5. Bacon-Smith, C. (1992). ‘Enterprising women’: Television fandom and the creation of popular myth. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  6. Beasley, C. (2011). Libidinous politics: Heterosex, ‘transgression’, and social change. Australian Feminist Studies, 26(67), 25–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Berlant, L., & Warner, M. (1998). Sex in public. Critical Inquiry, 24(2), 547–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Boyd, K. S. (2001). ‘One finger on the mouse scroll bar and the other on my clit’: Slash writers views on pornography, censorship, feminism and risk. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Simon Fraser University. Retrieved from
  9. Brennan, J. (2014). ‘Fandom is full of pearl clutching old ladies’: Nonnies in the online slash closet. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 17(4), 363–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brown, M. E. (1994). Soap opera and women’s talk: The pleasure of resistance. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  11. Bury, R. (2005). Cyberspaces of their own: Female fandoms online. New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  12. Butler, J. (1991). Imitation and gender insubordination. In D. Fuss (Ed.), Inside/out: Lesbian theories, gay theories (pp. 13–31). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Carter, A. (2000). Polemical preface: Pornography in the service of women. In D. Cornell (Ed.), Feminism and pornography (pp. 527–539). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Collier, C. M. (2015). The love that refuses to speak its name: Examining queerbaiting and fan-producer interactions in fan cultures. Thesis submitted to The University of Louisville. Retrieved from
  15. Corber, R. J., & Valocchi, S. (Eds.). (2003). Queer studies: An interdisciplinary reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  16. Cumberland, S. (2003). Private uses of cyberspace: Women, desire and fan culture. In D. Thorburn & H. Jenkins (Eds.), Rethinking media change: The aesthetics of transition (pp. 261–279). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  17. Davies, R. (2005). The slash fanfiction connection to bi men. Journal of Bisexuality, 5(2–3), 195–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dery, M. (2007). Naked lunch: Talking realcore with Sergio Messina. In K. Jacobs, M. Hanssen, & M. Pasquinelli (Eds.), C’lick me: A netporn studies reader (pp. 17–30). Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures.Google Scholar
  19. Deuze, M. (2007). Media work. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  20. DeVoss, D. (2002). Women’s porn sites—Spaces of fissure and eruption or ‘I’m a little bit of everything’. Sexuality & Culture, 6(3), 75–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Duncan, N. (1996). Renegotiating gender and sexuality in public and private spaces. In N. Duncan (Ed.), Bodyspace (pp. 127–145). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Fathallah, J. M. (2010). H/C and me: An autoethnographic account of a troubled love affair Transformative Works and Cultures, 7. Retrieved from
  23. Fazekas, A. (2014). Queer and unusual space: White supremacy in slash fanfiction. MA dissertation, Queen’s University. Canada. Retrieved from
  24. Foucault, M. (1986). Of other spaces. Diacritics, 16, 22–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Fraser, N. (1992). Rethinking the public sphere: A contribution to the critique of actually existing democracy. In C. Calhoun (Ed.), Habermas and the public sphere (pp. 109–142). Boston: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  26. Giddens, A. (1992). The transformation of intimacy: Sexuality, love and eroticism in modern societies. New Jersey: Wiley.Google Scholar
  27. Greer, G. (2000, September 24). Gluttons for porn. The Observer. Retrieved from
  28. Hayes, S., & Ball, M. (2009). Queering cyberspace: Fan fiction communities as spaces for expressing and exploring sexuality. In B. Scherer (Ed.), Queering paradigms (pp. 219–239). Oxford: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  29. Hinton, L. (2006). Women and slash fiction. Unpublished dissertation, James Madison University. Retrieved from
  30. Jacobs, K. (2004). Pornography in small spaces and other spaces. Journal of Cultural Studies, 18(1), 67–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jacobs, K. (2011). People’s pornography: Sex and surveillance on the Chinese internet. London: Intellect.Google Scholar
  32. Jenkins, H. (1992). Textual poachers: Television fans and participatory culture. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  33. Jenkins, H. (2006). Fans, bloggers, and gamers: Exploring participatory culture. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Johnson, P. J. (2005). Love, heterosexuality, and society. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  35. Jung, S. (2004). Queering popular culture: Female spectators and the appeal of writing slash fan fiction. Gender Queeries, 8. Retrieved from
  36. Kibby, M. & Costello, B. (2001). Between the image and the act: Interactive sex entertainment on the internet.  Sexualities, 4(3), 353–369.Google Scholar
  37. Lackner, E., Lucas, B. L., & Reid, R. A. (2006). Cunning linguists: The bisexual erotics of words/silence/flesh. In K. Hellekson & K. Busse (Eds.), Fan fiction and fan communities in the age of the internet (pp. 189–206). London: McFarland.Google Scholar
  38. Leadbeater, C., & Miller, P. (2004). The pro-Am revolution: How enthusiasts are changing our economy and society. London: Demos.Google Scholar
  39. Lee, K. (2003). Confronting Enterprise slash fan fiction. Extrapolation, 44, 69–82.Google Scholar
  40. Levin Russo, J. (2002, August). ‘NEW VOY ‘cyborg sex’ J/7 [NC-17]’: New methodologies, new fantasies. The Slash Reader. Retrieved from
  41. Maddison, S. (2010). Online obscenity and myths of freedom: Dangerous images, child porn, and neoliberalism. In F. Attwood (Ed.), (pp. 17–33). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  42. Martin, F. (2012). Girls who love boys’ love: Japanese homoerotic manga as trans-national Taiwan culture. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 13(3), 365–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. McKee, A., Albury, K., & Lumby, C. (2008). The porn report. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar
  44. McNair, B. (2002). Striptease culture: Sex, media, and the democratisation of desire. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. McNair, B. (2013). Porno? Chic! London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  46. Mercer, J. (2017). Gay pornography: Representations of sexuality and masculinity. London: IB Tauris.Google Scholar
  47. Milne, C. (Ed.). (2005). Naked ambition: Women who are changing porn. New York: Carroll & Graf.Google Scholar
  48. Minkel, E. (2014, October 17). Why it doesn’t matter what Benedict Cumberbatch thinks of Sherlock fan fiction. New Statesman. Retrieved from
  49. Mizoguchi, A. (2011). Theorizing comics/manga genre as a productive form: Yaoi and beyond. In J. Berndt (Ed.), Comics worlds and the worlds of comics: Towards scholarship on a global scale (pp. 143–168). Kyoto: International Manga Research Centre, Kyoto Seika University.Google Scholar
  50. Morrissey, K. (2008). Fanning the flames of romance: An exploration of fan fiction and the romance novel. MA dissertation, Georgetown University. Retrieved from
  51. Mowlabocus, S. (2010). Porn 2.0? Technology, social practice, and the new online porn industry. In F. Attwood (Ed.), (pp. 69–87). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  52. Neville, L. (2015). Male gays in the female gaze: Women who watch m/m pornography. Porn Studies, 2(2–3), 192–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Neville, L. (2018). ‘The tent’s big enough for everyone’: Online slash fiction as a site for activism and change. Gender, Place and Culture. Online first
  54. Paasonen, S. (2010). Good amateurs: Erotica writing and notions of quality. In F. Attwood (Ed.), (pp. 138–154). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  55. Patterson, Z. (2004). Going on-line: Consuming pornography in the digital era. In L. Williams (Ed.), Porn studies (pp. 105–123). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  56. Rambukkana, N. (2007). Is slash an alternative medium? ‘Queer’ heterotopias and the role of autonomous media spaces in radical world building. Affinities: A Journal of Radical Theory, Culture, and Action, 1(1), 69–85.Google Scholar
  57. Reinhard, C. D., & Dervin, B. (2012). Studying audiences with sense-making methodology. The International Encyclopaedia of Media Studies, 4(1), 3.Google Scholar
  58. Shave, R. (2004). Slash fandom on the internet, or, is the carnival over? Refractory, 6. Retrieved from
  59. Stanley, M. (2010). 101 uses for boys: Communing with the reader in yaoi and slash. In A. Levi, M. McHarry, & D. Pagliassotti (Eds.), Boys’ love manga: Essays on the sexual ambiguity and cross-cultural fandom of the genre (pp. 99–109). Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc.Google Scholar
  60. Warner, M. (1999). The trouble with normal: Sex, politics, and the ethics of queer life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  61. Warner, M. (2002). Publics and counterpublics. New York: Zone Books.Google Scholar
  62. Waugh, T. (1985). Men’s pornography: Gay vs. straight. Jump Cut, 30, 30–35.Google Scholar
  63. Welker, J. (2006). Beautiful, borrowed, and bent: Boys’ love as girls’ love in shojo manga. Signs: Journal of Women and Culture in Society, 31(3), 841–870.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Williams, L. (1990). Hard core: Power, pleasure and the ‘frenzy of the visible’. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  65. Wilson, D. (2012). Queer bandom: A research journey in eight parts. Transformative Works and Cultures, 11. Retrieved from
  66. Wilson, E. (1997). Is transgression transgressive? In S. Kemp & J. Squires (Eds.), Feminisms (pp. 368–370). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  67. Wood, A. (2013). Boys’ Love anime and queer desires in convergence culture: Transnational fandom, censorship and resistance. Journal of Graphic Novels & Comics, 4(1), 44–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Zizek, S. (1990). The sublime object of ideology. London: Verso.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucy Neville
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LeicesterLeicesterUK

Personalised recommendations