Advertisement

Other Approaches

  • Maxim Storchevoy
Chapter
  • 440 Downloads

Abstract

In this chapter we will take a short survey of several methodologies of normative ethics that were developed in the twentieth century. First, we will explore the frameworks that assume that normative ethics is based not on rational choice but on some other factors (emotivism, intuitionism, and prescriptivism). Then we will discuss the views of several authors about the possibility of scientific ethics (Nowell-Smith, Harman, Sayre-McCord). Finally, we will examine the development of virtue ethics which is often claimed to be a major approach to normative ethics.

Keywords

Emotivism Intuitionism Prescriptivism Virtue ethics Scientific method 

References

  1. Anscombe, Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret. 1958. Modern Moral Philosophy. Philosophy 33 (124): 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Audi, Robert. 2004. The Good in the Right: A Theory of Intuition and Intrinsic Value. Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Ayer, A.J. 1936. Language, Truth and Logic. Courier Corporation.Google Scholar
  4. Blackburn, Simon. 1993. Essays in Quasi-Realism. Oxford University Press on Demand.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 2006. Antirealist Expressivism and Quasi-Realism. In The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory, ed. David Copp, 146–162. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Brewer, Kathryn Balstad. 1997. Management as a Practice: A Response to Alasdair MacIntyre. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (8): 825–833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Devettere, Raymond J. 2002. Introduction to Virtue Ethics: Insights of the Ancient Greeks. Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Forsyth, Donelson R. 1992. Judging the Morality of Business Practices: The Influence of Personal Moral Philosophies. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (5): 461–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hare, Richard Mervyn. 1952. The Language of Morals. Oxford Paperbacks.Google Scholar
  10. Harman, Gilbert. 1977. The Nature of Morality: An Introduction to Ethics. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Hernandez, Jill Graper, ed. 2011. The New Intuitionism. Bloomsbury Publishing.Google Scholar
  12. Huemer, Michael. 2005. Ethical Intuitionism. Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  13. Limbs, Eric C., and Timothy L. Fort. 2000. Nigerian Business Practices and Their Interface with Virtue Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 26 (2): 169–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. MacIntyre, Alasdair. 1985. After Virtue. London: Duckworth.Google Scholar
  15. Nowell-Smith, Patrick Horace. 1954. Ethics. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  16. Oakley, Justin, and Dean Cocking. 2001. Virtue Ethics and Professional Roles. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Prichard, Harold Arthur. 1912. Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake? Mind 21 (81): 21–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ross, William D. 1930. The Right and the Good. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  19. Sadler-Smith, Eugene. 2012. Before Virtue: Biology, Brain, Behavior, and the “Moral Sense”. Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (2): 351–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sayre-McCord, Geoffrey. 1996. Coherentist Epistemology and Moral Theory. In Moral Knowledge: New Readings, ed. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Mark Timmons. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter. 2006. Moral Intuitionism Meets Empirical Psychology. In Metaethics After Moore, ed. T. Horgan and M. Timmons, 339–365. Oxford University Press on Demand.Google Scholar
  22. ———. 2011. An Empirical Challenge to Moral Intuitionism. In The New Intuitionism, ed. Jill Graper Hernandez, 11–28. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  23. Sison, Alejo José G., Edwin M. Hartman, and Joan Fontrodona. 2012. Guest Editors’ Introduction Reviving Tradition: Virtue and the Common Good in Business and Management. Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (2): 207–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Solomon, Robert C. 1992. Corporate Roles, Personal Virtues: An Aristotelean Approach to Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (3): 317–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Stevenson, Charles Leslie. 1937. The Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms. Mind 46 (181): 14–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. ———. 1944. Ethics and Language. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Stocker, Michael. 1976. The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories. The Journal of Philosophy 73 (14): 453–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Swanton, С. 2003. Virtue Ethics: A Pluralistic View. NewYork: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Timmons, Mark. 1999. Morality Without Foundations: A Defense of Ethical Contextualism. Oxford University Press on Demand.Google Scholar
  30. Van Hooft, Stan. 2014. Understanding Virtue Ethics. Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maxim Storchevoy
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of ManagementSt. Petersburg UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.National Research University Higher School of EconomicsSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations