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Biofuels from Microalgae: Biomethane

  • Fabiana Passos
  • Cesar Mota
  • Andrés Donoso-Bravo
  • Sergi Astals
  • David Jeison
  • Raúl Muñoz
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

The high cost of axenic microalgae cultivation in photobioreactors limits nowadays the potential uses of microalgal biomass as a feedstock for the production of biodiesel or bioethanol. In this context, microalgae-based wastewater treatment (WWT) has emerged as the leading method of cultivation for supplying microalgae at low cost and low environmental impacts, while achieving sewage treatment. Nonetheless, the year-round dynamics in microalgae population and cell composition when grown in WWTPs restrict the use of this low-quality biomass to biogas production via anaerobic digestion. Although the macromolecular composition of the microalgae produced during wastewater treatment is similar to that of sewage sludge, the recalcitrant nature of microalgae cell walls requires an optimisation of pretreatment technologies for enhancing microalgae biodegradability. In addition, the low C/N ratio, the high water content and the suspended nature of microalgae suggest that microalgal biomass will also benefit from anaerobic co-digestion with carbon-rich substrates, which constitutes a field for further research. Photosynthetic microalgae growth can also support an effective CO2 capture and H2S oxidation from biogas, which would generate a high-quality biomethane complying with most international regulations for injection into natural gas grids or use as autogas. This book chapter will critically review the most recent advances in biogas production from microalgae, with a special focus on pretreatment technologies, co-digestion opportunities, modelling strategies, biogas upgrading and process microbiology.

Keywords

Anaerobic co-digestion Biogas upgrading Microbiology Modelling Pretreatments 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The financial support from MINECO and the FEDER funding programme is gratefully acknowledged (CTM2015-70442-R). The project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 689242. David Jeison acknowledges the support provided by CRHIAM Centre (CONICYT/FONDAP/15130015).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabiana Passos
    • 1
  • Cesar Mota
    • 1
  • Andrés Donoso-Bravo
    • 2
  • Sergi Astals
    • 3
  • David Jeison
    • 4
  • Raúl Muñoz
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Sanitary and Environmental EngineeringFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Inria ChileSantiagoChile
  3. 3.Advanced Water Management CentreThe University of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia
  4. 4.Biochemical Engineering SchoolPontificia Universidad Católica de ValparaísoValparaísoChile
  5. 5.Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental TechnologyUniversity of ValladolidValladolidSpain

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