Agroecological Zones

  • Eddy De Pauw
  • Vahid R. Ghasemi Dehkordi
  • Abdolali Ghaffari
Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)


Although Iran consists almost entirely of drylands, it has a high diversity in agro-ecologies and agricultural systems, which has major consequences for agricultural land use planning and environmental management. The key determinants of this diversity are climate, landscapes, soils and water for irrigation. An agro-ecological zones (AEZs) approach is able to capture adequately the ecological diversity as it impacts the potential performance of agriculture and provides a suitable integrated framework for country-level agricultural planning. This chapter describes the method used to integrate national-level datasets on climate, terrain, soils and land use into an agro-ecological zones map of Iran consisting of 688 mapping units. Of these, 92 agro-ecological zones cover 80% of Iran, with the remainder 596 AEZs representing ‘niche’ agricultural environments. A policy implication is that agricultural research and planning need to promote diverse farming and production systems, each fitting well into each particular environment.


Agricultural Environments Climate Soils Land use 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eddy De Pauw
    • 1
  • Vahid R. Ghasemi Dehkordi
    • 2
  • Abdolali Ghaffari
    • 3
  1. 1.Digital Atlas Development, ICARDAAleppoSyria
  2. 2.Soil and Water Research Institute (SWRI)KarajIran
  3. 3.Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center of West AzerbaijanWest AzerbaijanIran

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