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Introduction

  • Mohammad Hassan Roozitalab
  • Hamid Siadat
  • Abbas Farshad
Chapter
Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)

Abstract

Iran covers an area of about 165 million hectares, a population of about 80 million, and, for a great part, is located in the arid and semiarid regions of the world. This chapter provides introductory information on the contents of the various parts of the book. The main topics include the history of soil research and the prevailing conditions and environment (climate, geology, vegetation, and other soil-forming factors) where the soil resources of the country are developed. The book also provides detailed information on the kinds of soils and their classification and how the soil resources of the country are used and managed. The main physical and chemical properties as well as fertility and biology of the soils are also described. Furthermore, the book contains information on the main agroecological zones, paleosols, and past climate change. In the end, the main challenges facing the soil resources of the country are discussed.

Keywords

Soils of Iran Soil Information Soil Resources Soil Research 

References

  1. Balali MR, Keulartz J, Korthalz M (2011) Reflexive land and water management in Iran, linking technology, governance and culture. Part 1: Land and water management paradigms. Iran J Water Res Agric 24(2). Soil and Water Research Institute, Karaj, IranGoogle Scholar
  2. Farshad A, Zinck JA (1998) Traditional irrigation water harvesting and management in semiarid western Iran, a case study of the Hamadan Region. Water Inter 23:146–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Farshad A, Mohammadi M, Masihabadi MH, Farzaneh A (2015) Geopedology; application of geomorphology, remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) in soil studies (in Persian). Soil and Water Research Institute of Iran, Karaj, IranGoogle Scholar
  4. Roozitalab MH, Serghini H, Keshavarz A, Eser V, De Pauw E (2013) Elements of research strategy and priorities for sustainable agricultural development of highlands in Central, West Asia and North Africa. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Hassan Roozitalab
    • 1
  • Hamid Siadat
    • 1
  • Abbas Farshad
    • 2
  1. 1.Soil and Water Research InstituteTehranIran
  2. 2.Twente UniversityEnschedeThe Netherlands

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