Advertisement

Ideational Background of Global Knowledge Governance

  • Tero Erkkilä
  • Ossi Piironen
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education book series (PSGHE)

Abstract

This chapter tracks the ideational landscape in which the global ranking in knowledge governance operate, focusing on the development and convergence of different policy-specific ideas that are, on the one hand, captured by and, on the other hand, affected by global rankings. We view global knowledge governance as based on an atomistic ontology that constructs reality as economic competition between states. Issues such as higher education and good governance are also perceived through the lens of economy, although we could just as well perceive them as matters of social mobility and democracy. This is due to current ideas of institutional economy that now influence perceptions of higher education and draw on codifications of good governance.

References

  1. Alasuutari, Pertti, and Ali Qadir. 2016. Imageries of the Social World in Epistemic Governance. International Sociology 31 (6): 633–652. https://doi.org/10.1177/0268580916662386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Argyriades, Demetrios. 2006. Good Governance, Professionalism, Ethics and Responsibility. International Review of Administrative Sciences 72 (2): 155–170. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020852306064607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blakemore, Michael, and Max Craglia. 2006. Access to Public-Sector Information in Europe: Policy, Rights, and Obligations. The Information Society: An International Journal 22 (1): 13–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/01972240500388180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blomgren, Maria, and Kerstin Sahlin. 2007. Quests for Transparency—Signs of a New Institutional Era? In Transcending New Public Management: The Transformation of Public Sector Reforms, ed. Tom Christensen and Per Laegreid. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.Google Scholar
  5. Buduru, Bogdan, and Leslie A. Pal. 2010. The Globalized State: Measuring and Monitoring Governance. European Journal of Cultural Studies 13 (4): 511–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Castells, Manuel. 1996. The Rise of the Network Society. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  7. Castells, Manuel, and Pekka Himanen. 2002. The Information Society and the Welfare State: The Finnish Model. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cerny, Philip G. 1997. Paradoxes of the Competition State: The Dynamics of Political Globalization. Government and Opposition 32 (2): 251–274. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-7053.1997.tb00161.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cheng, Ying, and Nian Cai Liu. 2006. A First Approach to the Classification of the Top 500 World Universities by Their Disciplinary Characteristics Using Scientometrics. Scientometrics 68 (1): 135–150. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-006-0087-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. ———. 2007. Academic Ranking of World Universities by Broad Subject Fields. Higher Education in Europe 32 (1): 17–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dean, Mitchell. 2010. Governmentality: Power and Rule in Modern Society. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  12. Dehon, Catherine, Alice McCathie, and Vincenzo Verardi. 2009a. Uncovering Excellence in Academic Rankings: A Closer Look at the Shanghai Ranking. Scientometrics 83 (2): 515–524. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-009-0076-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dehon, Catherine, Catherine Vermandele, and Dirk Jacobs, eds. 2009b. Ranking Universities. Brussels: Université de Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  14. Djelic, Marie-Laure, and Kerstin Sahlin-Andersson, eds. 2008. Transnational Governance: Institutional Dynamics of Regulation. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Doig, Alan, Stephanie McIvor, and Robin Theobald. 2006. Numbers, Nuances and Moving Targets: Converging the Use of Corruption Indicators or Descriptors in Assessing State Development. International Review of Administrative Sciences 72 (2): 239–252. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020852306064612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Drechsler, Wolfgang. 2004. Governance, Good Governance, and Government: The Case for Estonian Administrative Capacity. TRAMES 4: 388–396.Google Scholar
  17. Erkkilä, Tero. 2012. Government Transparency: Impacts and Unintended Consequences. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. ———, ed. 2013. Global University Rankings. Challenges for European Higher Education. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  19. ———. 2014. Global University Rankings, Transnational Policy Discourse and Higher Education in Europe. European Journal of Education 49 (1): 91–101. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejed.12063.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. ———. 2016. Global Governance Indices as Policy Instruments: Actionability, Transparency and Comparative Policy Analysis. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice 18 (4): 382–402. https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2015.1023052.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Erkkilä, Tero, and Ossi Piironen. 2009. Politics and Numbers. The Iron Cage of Governance Indices. In Ethics and Integrity of Public Administration: Concepts and Cases, ed. Raymond W. Cox III, 125–145. Armonk: ME Sharpe.Google Scholar
  22. ———. 2013. Shifting Fundaments of European Higher Education Governance: Competition, Ranking, Autonomy and Accountability. Comparative Education, July, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1080/03050068.2013.807643.
  23. Etzkowitz, Henry, and Loet Leydesdorff. 2000. The Dynamics of Innovation: From National Systems and ‘Mode 2’ to a Triple Helix of University-industry-government Relations. Research Policy 29 (2): 109–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Etzkowitz, Henry, Andrew Webster, Christiane Gebhardt, and Branca Regina Cantisano Terra. 2000. The Future of the University and the University of the Future: Evolution of Ivory Tower to Entrepreneurial Paradigm. Research Policy 29 (2): 313–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. European Commission. 1998. Public Sector Information: A Key Resource for Europe. Green Paper on Public Sector Information in the Information Society. COM(1998)585. Brussels: European Commission.Google Scholar
  26. ———. 2006. Creating an Innovative Europe. Report of the Independent Expert Group on R&D and Innovation Appointed Following the Hampton Court Summit and Chaired by Mr. Esko Aho. European Commission. http://ec.europa.eu/invest-in-research/pdf/download_en/aho_report.pdf
  27. ———. 1997. The First Action Plan for Innovation in Europe: Innovation for Growth and Employment, Document Drawn Up on the Basis of COM(96) 589 final. Bulletin of the European Union Supplement 3/97. Luxemburg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.Google Scholar
  28. ———. 2010. Europe 2020: A Strategy for Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth. COM(2010) 2020 Final. Brussels: European Commission.Google Scholar
  29. ———. 2011. Supporting Growth and Jobs—An Agenda for the Modernisation of Europe’s Higher Education System. COM(2011) 567 Final. Brussels: European Commission.Google Scholar
  30. ———. 2014. Research and Innovation as Sources of Renewed Growth, COM(2014) 339 Final. Brussels: European Commission.Google Scholar
  31. Forlano, Laura. 2004. The Emergence of Digital Government: International Perspectives. In Digital Government: Principles and Best Practices, ed. Alexei Pavlichev and G. David Garson. Hershey: Idea Group Publishing.Google Scholar
  32. Garson, David. 2004. The Promise of Digital Government. In Digital Government: Principles and Best Practices, ed. Alexei Pavlichev and G. David Garson. Hershey: Idea Group Publishing.Google Scholar
  33. Gieryn, Thomas F. 1983. Boundary-Work and the Demarcation of Science from Non-Science: Strains and Interests in Professional Ideologies of Scientists. American Sociological Review 48 (6): 781–795. https://doi.org/10.2307/2095325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. ———. 1999. Cultural Boundaries of Science: Credibility on the Line. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  35. Godin, Benoît. 2005. The Knowledge-Based Economy: Conceptual Framework or Buzzword? The Journal of Technology Transfer 31 (1): 17–30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-005-5010-x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gripenberg, Pernilla, Karl-Erik Sveiby, and Beata Segercrantz. 2012. Challenging the Innovation Paradigm: The Prevailing Pro-Innovation Bias. In Challenging the Innovation Paradigm, ed. Pernilla Gripenberg, Karl-Erik Sveiby, and Beata Segercrantz, 1–15. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  37. Hall, Peter A., and David Soskice. 2001. An Introduction to Varieties of Capitalism. In Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, ed. Peter A. Hall and David Soskice, 1–70. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hazelkorn, Ellen. 2008. Learning to Live with League Tables and Ranking: The Experience of Institutional Leaders. Higher Education Policy 21 (2): 193–215. https://doi.org/10.1057/hep.2008.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. ———. 2011. Rankings and the Reshaping of Higher Education: The Battle for World-Class Excellence. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. High-level Group. 2004. Facing the Challenge: The Lisbon Strategy for Growth and Employment. A Report from the High-level Group Chaired by Wim Kok. Google Scholar
  41. Holliday, Ian. 2001. Steering the British State in the Information. Government and Opposition 36 (3): 314–330. https://doi.org/10.1111/1477-7053.00068.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Hood, Christopher. 1998. The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Hood, Christopher, and Helen Margetts. 2007. The Tools of Government in the Digital Age. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Jessop, Bop. 1998. The Rise of Governance and the Risks of Failure: The Case of Economic Development’. International Social Science Journal 155: 29–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Kauppi, Niilo, and Tero Erkkilä. 2011. The Struggle Over Global Higher Education: Actors, Institutions, and Practices. International Political Sociology 5 (3): 314–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Kehm, Barbara M., and Bjørn Stensaker. 2009. University Rankings, Diversity, and the New Landscape of Higher Education. Boston: Sense Publishers.Google Scholar
  47. Kettunen, Pauli. 1999. The Nordic Model and the Making of the Competitive ‘Us’. In The Global Economy, National States and the Regulation of Labour, ed. Paul Edwards and Tony Elger. London: Mansell Publishing.Google Scholar
  48. King, Roger. 2010. Governing Universities Globally: Organizations, Regulation and Rankings. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.Google Scholar
  49. Kono, Daniel Y. 2006. Optimal Obfuscation: Democracy and Trade Policy Transparency. American Political Science Review 100 (03): 369–384. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055406062241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Krugman, Paul. 1994. Competitiveness: A Dangerous Obsession. Foreign Affairs 73 (2): 28–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Lash, Scott M. 2002. Critique of Information. London: Sage Publications Ltd.Google Scholar
  52. Libich, Jan. 2006. Should Monetary Policy Be Transparent. Policy 22 (1): 28–33.Google Scholar
  53. Lundvall, Bengt-Ake, ed. 1992. National Systems of Innovation: Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. London: Pinter.Google Scholar
  54. Mahoney, James, and Kathleen Thelen, eds. 2009. Explaining Institutional Change: Ambiguity, Agency, and Power. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  55. Marcussen, Martin. 2002. OECD Og Idéspillet—Game Over? København: Hans Reitzels Forlag.Google Scholar
  56. Marginson, Simon, and Marijk van der Wende. 2007. To Rank or To Be Ranked: The Impact of Global Rankings in Higher Education. Journal of Studies in International Education 11 (3–4): 306–329. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315307303544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Michener, Gregory. 2015. Policy Evaluation via Composite Indexes: Qualitative Lessons from International Transparency Policy Indexes. World Development 74 (October): 184–196. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.04.016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Miller, Peter, and Niklas Rose. 1990. Political Rationalities and Technologies of Government. In Texts, Contexts, Concepts: Studies on Politics and Power in Language, ed. Sakari Hänninen and Kari Palonen. Helsinki: The Finnish Political Science Association.Google Scholar
  59. Mittelman, James H. 2004. Whither Globalization? The Vortex of Knowledge and Ideology. 1st ed. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  60. Münch, Richard. 2013. Academic Capitalism: Universities in the Global Struggle for Excellence. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  61. North, Douglass C. 2005. Understanding the Process of Economic Change. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. OECD. 2005. Modernising Government. The Way Forward. Paris: OECD. http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/governance/modernising-government_9789264010505-en
  63. Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P., and Dino Pinelli. 2004. The Challenge of Globalization for Finland and Its Regions: The New Economic Geography Perspective. Valtioneuvoston kanslian julkaisusarja 24. Helsinki: Valtioneuvoston kanslia.Google Scholar
  64. Power, Michael. 1999. The Audit Society: Rituals of Verification. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Przeworski, Adam. 2004. Institutions Matter? Government and Opposition 39 (4): 527–540. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-7053.2004.00134.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. de Ridder-Symoens, Hilde, ed. 2003a. A History of the University in Europe: Volume 1, Universities in the Middle Ages: Universities in the Middle Ages Vol 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  67. ———, ed. 2003b. A History of the University in Europe: Volume 2, Universities in Early Modern Europe (1500–1800): Universities in Early Modern Europe (1500–1800) v. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  68. Rodrik, Dani. 1998. Why Do More Open Economies Have Bigger Governments? The Journal of Political Economy 106 (5): 997–1032.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Rüegg, Walter, ed. 2004. A History of the University in Europe: Volume 3, Universities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800–1945): Universities in the Early Twentieth Centuries (1800–1945) Vol. 3. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  70. ———, ed. 2010. A History of the University in Europe: Volume 4, Universities Since 1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  71. Sahlin-Andersson, Kerstin, and Lars Engwall. 2002. The Expansion of Management Knowledge: Carriers, Flows, and Sources. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  72. Salmi, Jamil. 2009. The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Salmi, Jamil, and Alenoush Saroyan. 2007. League Tables as Policy Instruments. Higher Education Management and Policy 19 (2): 1–38. https://doi.org/10.1787/hemp-v19-art10-en.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Schofer, Evan, and John W. Meyer. 2005. The Worldwide Expansion of Higher Education in the Twentieth Century. American Sociological Review 70 (6): 898–920. https://doi.org/10.1177/000312240507000602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Seppänen, Samuli. 2003. Good Governance in International Law. The Erik Castrén Institute Research Reports. Helsinki: The Erik Castrén Institute.Google Scholar
  76. Shin, Jung Cheol, and Barbara M. Kehm, eds. 2012. Institutionalization of World-Class University in Global Competition. 2013th ed. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  77. Shin, Jung Cheol, Robert K. Toutkoushian, and Ulrich Teichler. 2011. University Rankings: Theoretical Basis, Methodology and Impacts on Global Higher Education. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Stiglitz, Joseph. 1998. Distinguished Lecture on Economics in Government: The Private Uses of Public Interests: Incentives and Institutions. The Journal of Economic Perspectives 12 (2): 3–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. ———. 2002. Information and the Change in the Paradigm in Economics. American Economic Review 92 (3): 460–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. ———. 2008. Is There a Post-Washington Consensus Consensus? In The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance, ed. Narcis Serra and Joseph Stiglitz, 41–56. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Stiglitz, Joseph, Jose Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Deepak Nayyar. 2006. Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development. 1st ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Sum, Ngai-Ling. 2009. The Production of Hegemonic Policy Discourses: ‘Competitiveness’ as a Knowledge Brand and Its (Re-)Contextualizations. Critical Policy Studies 3 (2): 184–203. https://doi.org/10.1080/19460170903385668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Sum, Ngai-Ling, and Bob Jessop. 2013. Competitiveness, the Knowledge-Based Economy and Higher Education. Journal of the Knowledge Economy 4 (1): 24–44. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-012-0121-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. The European Council. 2000. Presidency Conclusions. Lisbon European Council, 23 and 24 March 2000. The European Council. http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/00100-r1.en0.htm
  85. Thomas, M.A. 2007. The Governance Bank. International Affairs 83 (4): 729–745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Tiihonen, Seppo. 2000. Miten Nostaa Valtioneuvoston Hallintakapasiteettia Tietoyhteiskunnassa? Hallinnon Tutkimus 19 (4): 347–367.Google Scholar
  87. Wallace, William, Wallace Helen, and Mark A. Pollack. 2005. Policy-Making in the European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  88. Weissman, David. 2000. A Social Ontology. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  89. West, Darrell. 2005. Digital Government. Technology and Public Sector Performance. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  90. Williams, Andrew. 2015. A Global Index of Information Transparency and Accountability. Journal of Comparative Economics 43 (3): 804–824. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jce.2014.10.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Zanotti, Laura. 2005. Governmentalizing the Post—Cold War International Regime: The UN Debate on Democratization and Good Governance. Alternatives 30 (4): 461–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Zysman, John. 2004. Finland in a Digital Era: How Do Wealthy Nations Stay Wealthy? Valtioneuvoston kanslian julkaisusarja 25/2004. Helsinki: Valtioneuvoston kanslia.Google Scholar
  93. Zysman, John, and Abraham Newman, eds. 2006. How Revolutionary Was the Digital Revolution? National Responses, Market Transitions, And Global Technology. 1st ed. Stanford, CA: Stanford Business Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tero Erkkilä
    • 1
  • Ossi Piironen
    • 2
  1. 1.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Ministry for Foreign Affairs of FinlandHelsinkiFinland

Personalised recommendations