Applications: Stereo PIV and Multiplane Stereo PIV

  • Markus Raffel
  • Christian E. Willert
  • Fulvio Scarano
  • Christian J. Kähler
  • Steven T. Wereley
  • Jürgen Kompenhans


The various methods of image reconstruction and calibration as described in Sect. 8.1 were applied in the measurement of the unsteady vortex ring flow field in 1995. Figure 11.125 outlines a vortex ring generator having a simple construction with very reproducible flow characteristics. The vortex ring is generated by discharging a bank of electrolytic capacitors (\(60\,000\,\upmu \text {F}\)) through a pair of loudspeakers which are mounted facing inward on to two sides of a wooden box. By forcing the loudspeaker membranes inward, air is impulsively forced out of a cylindrical, sharpened nozzle (inner diameter \(=34.7\,\text {mm}\)) on the top of the box. The shear layer formed at the tip of the nozzle then rolls up into a vortex ring and separates from the nozzle as the membranes move back to their equilibrium positions due to the decay in supply voltage. As long as the charging voltage is kept constant, the formation of the vortex ring will be very reproducible. The generator also has a seeding pipe with a check valve allowing the interior of the box and ultimately the core of the vortex ring to be seeded.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Raffel
    • 1
  • Christian E. Willert
    • 2
  • Fulvio Scarano
    • 3
  • Christian J. Kähler
    • 4
  • Steven T. Wereley
    • 5
  • Jürgen Kompenhans
    • 1
  1. 1. Institut für Aerodynamik und StrömungstechnikDeutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR)GöttingenGermany
  2. 2. Institut für AntriebstechnikDeutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR)KölnGermany
  3. 3.Department of Aerospace EngineeringDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Institut für Strömungsmechanik und AerodynamikUniversität der Bundeswehr MünchenNeubibergGermany
  5. 5.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Birck Nanotech CenterPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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