Medical Family Therapy in Oncology

Chapter
Part of the Focused Issues in Family Therapy book series (FIFT)

Abstract

Cancer diagnoses encompass a broad and varied group of diseases that share the feature of abnormal and uncontrolled cell growth. In the United States alone, an estimated 1.6 million new cases of cancer were diagnosed last year (American Cancer Society, 2016). Once considered a death sentence, many cancers are now treated as chronic illnesses that require long-term management (McCorkle et al., 2011). This shift from acute to chronic care for patients with cancer represents a culmination of continually evolving medical advances that have succeeded in prolonging survival and expanding the range of available treatment options.

Notes

Glossary of Important Terms for Care in Oncology

Biopsy

A surgical procedure to remove a segment of a tumor for the purpose of determining a precise diagnosis.

Carcinoma

A cancer that begins in the skin or tissues that line the inside or cover the outside of internal organs.

Curative treatment

Treatment intended (and expected) to destroy the cancer.

Disease-free survival (DFS)

A measure of time following treatment during which no signs of cancer are discovered.

Localized

A cancer that is confined to the area where it began; it has not spread to other parts of a patient’s body.

Malignant

A tumor is malignant when there is evidence of disease, as differentiated from a tumor said to be “benign” or noncancerous.

Metastasis

The spread of cancer to organs beyond where it began (which is referred to as the “primary” or “original” site).

Palliative treatment

Treatment intended to relieve symptoms and pain associated with the cancer.

Remission

The disappearance of cancer signs and symptoms (but not necessarily the disease, itself); this can be temporary or permanent in duration.

Tumor markers

Substances that can be measured in the blood, urine, or body tissues to indicate the presence of cancer.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral ScienceMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Ackerman Institute for the FamilyNew YorkUSA

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