Robots as Individuals in the Humanoid League

  • Maike PaetzelEmail author
  • Jacky Baltes
  • Reinhard Gerndt
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9776)


Having the goal of winning against the human world champions in soccer in 2050 in mind, the Humanoid League is facing the challenges of having to increase field and robot size until the sizes of regular fields and regular players are reached in the year 2040. The next major step is foreseen for the year 2020, when minimum robot size will increase by 50%, the number of robots per team will increase and the field size will fourfold. All three aspects will have a crucial impact. For the organizers, it will become increasingly hard, if not impossible at some point, to make arrangements for up to six fields at the RoboCup venue. For the participants, sustaining a team of ever increasing robots, in size and numbers will be a similar challenge. We believe that the 2050 goal can only be achieved if a new scheme of competition of individual robots, playing with others, can be found. Then, teams could focus on a single robot. To encourage this, we propose to revise the competition scheme, moving away from participating with a team of robots to participating with a single robot, that preserves the competitive element of ranking performance of individual robots and awarding trophies. This paper is intended to spark a discussion of a rule change to encourage participation of single robots in the Humanoid League and still contribute to reaching the 2050 goal.


  1. 1.
    Gerndt, R., Seifert, D., Baltes, J., Sadeghnejad, S., Behnke, S.: Humanoid robots in soccer. IEEE Rob. Autom. Mag. 22(3), 147–154 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Robocup Humanoid League: Results for Robocup (2015). Web page: Accessed 11 Apr 2015
  3. 3.
    Humanoid League Technical Committee: Robocup soccer humanoid league rules and setup - for the 2015 competition in hefei. Technical report, RoboCup (2015)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dixit, A.K., Nalebuff, B.J.: The art of strategy (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Turner, T.: How to assess soccer players without skill tests. Accessed 25 Mar 2016
  6. 6.
    N.N. Humanoid league proposed roadmap. Accessed 25 Mar 2016
  7. 7.
    N.N. Middle size robot league rules and regulations (2016). Accessed 25 Mar 2016
  8. 8.
    N.N. Mixed team communication protocol. Accessed 25 Mar 2016
  9. 9.
    N.N. RoboCup standard platform league (NAO) Rule Book (2015). Accessed 25 Mar 2016

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Uppsala UniveristyUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.University of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.Ostfalia University of Applied SciencesWolfenbüttelGermany

Personalised recommendations