Progress in RoboCup Revisited: The State of Soccer Simulation 2D

  • Thomas GabelEmail author
  • Egbert Falkenberg
  • Eicke Godehardt
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9776)


A remarkable feature of RoboCup’s soccer simulation leagues is their ability to quantify and prove the exact progress made over years. In this paper, we present and discuss the results of an extensive empirical study of the progress and the currently reached state of 2D soccer simulation. Our main finding is that the current decade has witnessed a continuous and statistically significant improvement of the overall level of play, but that the magnitude of the progress made has dropped clearly when compared to the previous decade. In accordance to this, we envision possible future prospects for the 2D league that might respond to our empirical findings.



The authors would like to thank Bernd Dankert for his support in conducting the empirical experiments.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Gabel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Egbert Falkenberg
    • 1
  • Eicke Godehardt
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Computer Science and EngineeringFrankfurt University of Applied SciencesFrankfurt am MainGermany

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