Adaptation Strategies and Defence Mechanisms of Plants During Environmental Stress

  • E. Lamalakshmi Devi
  • Sudhir Kumar
  • T. Basanta Singh
  • Susheel K. Sharma
  • Aruna Beemrote
  • Chingakham Premabati Devi
  • S. K. Chongtham
  • Chongtham Henary Singh
  • Rupert Anand Yumlembam
  • A. Haribhushan
  • N. Prakash
  • Shabir H. Wani

Abstract

Several biotic and abiotic stresses affect plant growth, development and crop productivity. To cope up all these stresses, plant develops certain efficient strategies to avoid or tolerate the stresses which allow them to adapt and defense themselves from stress situations. Such adaptation strategies are at morphological, anatomical, biochemical and molecular levels. Molecular crosstalk, epigenetic memories, reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling, accumulation of plant hormones such as salicylic acid, ethylene, jasmonic acid and abscisic acid, change in redox status and inorganic ion fluxes, R-gene resistance and systemic acquired resistance (SAR) are some of the modifications/mechanisms adopted by plants to adapt and defense themselves from the environmental stress. The novel “omics” technologies allow the researchers to identify the genetics behind plant stress response and adaptation and provide unbiased data that can be precisely used to investigate the complex interplay between the plants, its metabolism and the stress environment.

Keywords

Stress Adaptation strategies Molecular crosstalk Epigenetic memories 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Lamalakshmi Devi
    • 1
  • Sudhir Kumar
    • 1
  • T. Basanta Singh
    • 1
  • Susheel K. Sharma
    • 1
  • Aruna Beemrote
    • 1
  • Chingakham Premabati Devi
    • 1
  • S. K. Chongtham
    • 2
  • Chongtham Henary Singh
    • 3
  • Rupert Anand Yumlembam
    • 1
  • A. Haribhushan
    • 4
  • N. Prakash
    • 1
  • Shabir H. Wani
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.ICAR-RC-NEH Region, Manipur CentreImphal WestIndia
  2. 2.Potato Research Station, SDAUDeesaIndia
  3. 3.Manipur UniversityCanchipurIndia
  4. 4.Farm Science Centre (KVK)SenapatiIndia
  5. 5.Mountain Research Centre for Field CropsSher-e-Kashmir University of Agriculture Sciences and Technology of KashmirKhudwani AnantnagIndia
  6. 6.Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial SciencesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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