Carbon Nanoadsorbents for Removal of Organic Contaminants from Water

  • Fernando Machado MachadoEmail author
  • Éder Cláudio Lima
Part of the Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials book series (SSPCM)


The removal of organic contaminants is of great concern in water treatment. This chapter elucidates the adsorption wastewater treatment processes using carbon nanoadsorbents with adsorbents. It is discussed the characteristics that make such nanostructures extremely interesting for adsorption process. In addition, a discussion of the main kinetics and isotherms models used to obtain information on the mechanisms and dynamics of the process is carried, as well as how these models are used and interpreted. Additionally, this chapter compiles relevant current knowledge about the experimental and theoretical adsorption activities of carbon nanotubes and graphene family as nanoadsorbents for removal of organic environmental pollutants. The accumulated data indicate that carbon nanomaterials can be successfully used for treating organic pollutants wastewater.


Adsorption Textural properties Nanomaterials Nonlinear equilibrium and kinetic adsorption models Thermodynamic calculation of entropy and enthalpy changes 



Activated carbon




Carbon nanoadsorbents


Carbon nanotube


Density Functional Theory


Emerging contaminants


Endocrine Disrupting Compounds


Layer Graphene


Graphene nanosheet


Graphene oxide


Graphene oxide nanosheet


Methylene Blue


Multi-walled carbon nanotubes


Organic contaminants


Maximum adsorption capacity


Correlation coefficient


Coefficient of determination


Adjusted coefficient of determination


Standard deviation (root of mean square error)


Single-walled carbon nanotubes


Reduced Graphene Oxide



The authors acknowledge funding from Brazilian agencies CNPq and CAPES.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Machado Machado
    • 1
    Email author
  • Éder Cláudio Lima
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Desenvolvimento TecnológicoUniversidade Federal de PelotasPelotasBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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