Advertisement

Monitoring and Maintenance of Customized Structures for Underground Environments: The Case of Gran Sasso National Laboratory

  • Francesco Potenza
Chapter
Part of the Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering book series (ISCA, volume 92)

Abstract

In recent years, the monitoring and maintenance of underground structures has received increasing attention. This chapter presents a structural analysis of two customized prototypes necessary for conducting experimental research within the underground halls of the Gran Sasso National Laboratory (LNGS). These structures consist primarily of a steel-framed structure built within a water tank. Different models representing the fluid–structure interaction are also discussed. The structural monitoring is carried out through dynamic experimental tests in different configurations (prototype empty or filled with water) and load conditions (release, hammer, and environmental). The experimental modal information is used to perform manual updating of the numerical finite element models. Finally, a possible structural monitoring system is proposed, which consists primarily of a distributed fiber optic sensing system for the vaults of the experimental halls of the LNGS.

Keywords

Structural monitoring Experimental test Modal identification Numerical modeling Dynamic testing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author wishes to thank Eng. Paolo Martella (Head of Design Service at LNGS) for furnishing unique technical information on the laboratory infrastructures.

References

  1. 1.
    Ceci AM, Gattulli V, Potenza F (2013) Serviceability and damage scenario in irregular RC structures: post-earthquake observations and modelling predictions. J Perform Constr Facil 27(1):98–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hashash YMA, Hook JJ, Schmidt B, I-Chiang Yao J (2001) Seismic design and analysis of underground structures. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 16:247–293Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang WL, Wang TT, Su JJ, Lin CH, Seng CR, Huang TH (2001) Assessment of damage in mountain tunnels due to the Taiwan Chi-Chi Earthquake. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 16:133–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yashiro K, Kojima Y, Shimizu M (2007) Historical earthquake damage to tunnels in Japan and case studies of railway tunnels in the 2004 Niigataken-Chuetsu Earthquake. Q Rep Railw Tech Res Inst 48:136–141Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Azadi M, Hossein SMMM (2010) Analyses of the effect of seismic behaviour of shallow tunnels in liquefiable grounds. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 25:543–552Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Boldini D, Graziani A (2012) Remarks on axisymmetric modelling of deep tunnels in argillaceous formations. II: fissured argillites. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 28:80–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hage Chehade F, Shahrour I (2008) Numerical analysis of the interaction between twin-tunnels: influence of the relative position and construction procedure. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 23:210–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hu J, Xu N (2011) Numerical analysis of failure mechanism of tunnel under different confining pressure. Procedia Eng 26:107–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yingjie L, Dingli Z, Qian F, Qingchun Y, Lu X (2014) A physical and numerical investigation of the failure mechanism of weak rocks surrounding tunnels. Comput Geotech 61:292–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Talmon AM, Bezuijen A (2013) Calculation of longitudinal bending moment and shear force for Shanghai Yangtze river tunnel: application of lessons from Dutch research. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 35:161–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pakbaz MC, Yareevand A (2005) 2-D analysis of circular tunnel against earthquake loading. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 20:411–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    El Naggar H, Hinchberger DS, El Naggar MH (2008) Simplified analysis of seismic in-plane stresses in composite and joined tunnel linings. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 28:1063–1077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lu JF, Jeng DS, Lee TL (2007) Dynamic response of a piecewise circular tunnel embedded in a poroelastic medium. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 27:875–891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sanchez-Merino AL, Fernandez-Saez J, Navarro C (2009) Simplified longitudinal seismic response of tunnel linings subjected to surface waves. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 29:579–582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shahrour I, Khoshnoudian F, Sadek M, Mroueh H (2010) Elastoplastic analysis of the seismic response of tunnels in soft soils. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 25:478–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang CJ (2011) Seismic racking of a dual-wall subway station box embedded in soft soil strata. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 26:83–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Amorosi A, Boldini D (2009) Numerical modelling of the transverse dynamic behaviour of circular tunnels in clayey soils. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 29:1059–1072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Anastasopoulos I, Gazetas G (2010) Analysis of cut-and cover tunnels against large tectonic deformation. Bull Earthq Eng 8:283–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hwang JH, Lu CC (2007) Seismic capacity assessment of old Sanyi railway tunnels. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 22:433–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Liu J, Liu X (2008) Pushover analysis of Dakai subway station during the Osaka-Kobe earthquake in 1995. In: The 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China, 12–17 October 2008Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chen J, Shi X, Li J (2010) Shaking table test of utility tunnel under non-uniform earthquake wave excitation. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 30:1400–1416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ciligir U, Gopal Madabhushi SP (2011) A model study on the effects of input motion on the seismic behaviour of tunnel. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 31:452–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Xiao J, Huang G (2010) Transverse earthquake response and design analysis of submerged floating tunnels with various shore connections. Procedia Eng 4:233–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lunardi P (1990) La ricerca e la tecnologia nella realizzazione di grandi cavità sotterranee: il laboratorio di fisica nucleare del Gran Sasso. In: International Conference Se vogliamo il verde sopra utilizziamo lo spazio profondo, Milano, Italy, pp 15–16 (in Italian)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Antonacci E, De Stefano A, Gattulli V, Lepidi M, Matta E (2012) Comparative study of vibration-based parametric identification techniques for a three-dimensional frame structure. Struct Control Health Monit 19(5):579–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Diaferio M, Foti D, Giannoccaro NI (2015) Identification of the modal properties of a building of the Greek heritage. Key Eng Mater 628:150–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Diaferio M, Foti D, Giannoccaro NI (2014) Non-destructive characterization and identification of the modal parameters of an old masonry tower. In: Proceedings of EESMS 2014—2014 IEEE Workshop on Environmental, Energy and Structural Monitoring Systems, Naples, Italy, 17–18 September 2014Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bhala S, Yang YW, Zhao J, Soh CK (2005) Structural health monitoring of underground facilities—technological issues and challenges. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 20:487–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Potenza F, Federici F, Lepidi M, Gattulli V, Graziosi F, Colarieti A (2015) Long term structural monitoring of the damaged Basilica S. Maria di Collemaggio through a low-cost wireless sensor network. J Civ Struct Health Monit 5(5):655–676.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13349-015-0146-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Federici F, Graziosi F, Faccio M, Gattulli V, Lepidi M, Potenza F (2012) An integrated approach to the design of wireless sensor networks for structural health monitoring. Int J Distrib Sens Netw, Article ID 594842, 1–16Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Gattulli V, Lepidi M, Potenza F, Di Sabatino U (2016) Dynamics of masonry walls connected by a vibrating cable in a historic structure. Meccanica 51(11):2813–2826.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11012-016-0509-9 MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Yun HB, Park SH, Mehdawi N, Mokhtari S, Chopra M, Reddi L, Park KT (2014) Monitoring for close proximity tunneling effects on an existing tunnel using principal component analysis technique with limited sensor data. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 43:398–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Lepidi M, Gattulli V, Vestroni F (2009) Damage identification in elastic suspended cables through frequency measurement. J Vib Control 15(6):867–896MathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gattulli V, Graziosi F, Federici F, Potenza F, Colarieti A, Lepidi M (2013) Structural health monitoring of the Basilica S. Maria di Collemaggio. In: Proceedings of The Fifth International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2013), Cape Town, South Africa, 2–4 September 2013Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Betz DC, Staudigel L, Trutzel MN, Kehlenbach M (2003) Structural monitoring using fiber-opitic bragg grating sensors. Struct Health Monit 2(2):145–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Valvona F, Toti J, Gattulli V, Potenza F (2017) Effective seismic strengthening and monitoring of a masonry vault by using glass fiber reinforced cementitious matrix with embedded fiber bragg grating sensors. Compos B Eng 113:355–370.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.01.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Todd MD, Johnson GA, Vohra ST (2001) Deployment of a fiber bragg grating-based measurement system in a structural health monitoring application. Smart Mater Struct 10(3):534–539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Moyo P, Brownjohn JMW, Suresh R, Tjin SC (2005) Development of fiber Bragg grating sensors for monitoring civil infrastructures. Eng Struct 27(12):1828–1834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Gue CY, Wilcock M, Alhaddad MM, Elshafie MZEB, Soga K, Mair RJ (2015) The monitoring of an existing cast iron tunnel with distributed fiber optic sensing (DFOS). J Civ Struct Health Monit 5(5):573–586CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DICEAA—Department of Civil, Construction-Architectural and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of L’AquilaL’AquilaItaly

Personalised recommendations