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Fracture Healing: Back to Basics and Latest Advances

  • Ippokratis Pountos
  • Peter V. Giannoudis
Chapter

Abstract

Our understanding in the mechanisms promoting bone repair and involvement of molecular mediators and cellular elements in fracture healing are ever expanding. What was initially perceived as a simple process, nowadays is known to be very complex and multifaceted. The aim of this chapter is to present the fundamental principles of fracture healing, factors that can influence it adversely, and key approaches to stimulate a successful fracture healing response.

Notes

Conflict of Interest

No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, School of MedicineUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  2. 2.NIHRLeedsUK
  3. 3.Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Center, Chapel Allerton HospitalLeedsUK

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