Tightened, Reduced and Investigational Sampling

  • International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods (ICMSF)


Tightened sampling involves the use of more frequent sampling and/or more stringent sampling plans than normal and is implemented when evidence suggests an increased likelihood of a hazard. Reduced sampling involves less frequent sampling, fewer samples, or smaller sample sizes than normal, and is implemented when the risk of a particular process or product is considered to be low. Investigational sampling consists of sampling to determine the direct and underlying causes of a problem.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods (ICMSF)
    • 1
  1. 1.Robert L. Buchanan, editorial committee chairRiverside Corporate Park CSIRONorth RydeAustralia

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