Wilhelm Röpke’s Relevance in a Post-Totalitarian World

  • Richard EbelingEmail author
Part of the The European Heritage in Economics and the Social Sciences book series (EHES, volume 20)


Ebeling portrays Wilhelm Röpke as a leading European advocate of a liberal economic order and a conservative social order built around the institutions of civil society. While not an advocate of laissez-faire, Röpke believed that a competitive market economy was essential to a free and humane society, which was the opposite of the totalitarianisms of the twentieth century. In the postwar period, Röpke considered the welfare state and inflation to be new dangers threatening the freedom and stability of Western societies from within. Ebeling shows that Röpke’s ideas can also be applied to the contemporary dilemma of the continuing growth of the welfare state, the controversy over European economic integration, the crisis of international migration, and the new dangers from religious fanaticism.


  1. Ebeling RM (1995) World peace, international order, and classical liberalism. Int J World Peace 12:47–68Google Scholar
  2. Ebeling RM (1999) Wilhelm Röpke: a centenary appreciation. The Freeman 99(10):19–24Google Scholar
  3. Ebeling RM (2008) The lasting legacies of World War I: big government, paper money and inflation. Econ Educ Bull Am Inst Econ Res 48(11):1–8Google Scholar
  4. Ebeling RM (2014) The rise and fall of classical liberalism. In: Ebeling RM, Matcheck DC, Nash TG (eds) When we are free. Northwood University Press, Northwood, pp 324–342Google Scholar
  5. Ebeling RM (2016) Austrian economics and public policy: restoring freedom and prosperity. Future of Freedom Foundation, FairfaxGoogle Scholar
  6. Hayek FA (2010) Studies on the abuse and decline of reason. In: Caldwell B (ed) The collected works of F. A. Hayek, vol 13. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  7. Jouvenel B ([1952] 1990) The ethics of redistribution. Liberty Fund, IndianapolisGoogle Scholar
  8. Mises L (1966) Wilhelm Röpke, RIP. Nat Rev 1966(March):200–201Google Scholar
  9. Röpke W ([1933] 1969) End of an era? In: Against the tide. Henry Regnery, Chicago, pp 79–97Google Scholar
  10. Röpke W (1934) German commercial policy. Longman, Green & Co, LondonGoogle Scholar
  11. Röpke W (1935) Fascist economics. Economica 2:85–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Röpke W (1939) Totalitarian ‘prosperity’: where does it end. Harper’s Magazine, pp 165–170Google Scholar
  13. Röpke W ([1942a] 1978) International economic disintegration. Porcupine Press, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  14. Röpke W ([1942b] 1950) The social crisis of our time. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  15. Röpke W ([1944] 1948) Civitas humana: a humane order of society. William Hodge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. Röpke W ([1945] 1959) International order and economic integration. D. Reidel, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  17. Röpke W ([1947a] 1969) ‘Repressed inflation’: the ailment of the modern economy. In: Against the tide. Henry Regnery, Chicago, pp 111–121Google Scholar
  18. Röpke W (1947b) Repressed inflation. Kyklos 1(3):242–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Röpke W (1949) The iron curtain of money. The Commercial and Financial Chronicle, July 7, 1949Google Scholar
  20. Röpke W (1950) Barriers to migration. In: Hoover C (ed) Twentieth century economic thought. Philosophical Library, New York, pp 605–646Google Scholar
  21. Röpke W (1951a) The problem of economic order. National Bank of Egypt, CairoGoogle Scholar
  22. Röpke W (1951b) The malady of progressivism. The Freeman 1(22):287–291Google Scholar
  23. Röpke W (1957) Liberalism and Christianity. Modern Age 1957(Fall):128–134Google Scholar
  24. Röpke W ([1958a] 1960) A humane economy. The social framework of the free market. Henry Regnery, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  25. Röpke W (1958b) Economic enthusiasm and economic sense: some comments on European integration. Modern Age 1958(Spring):170–176Google Scholar
  26. Röpke W ([1958c] 1969) Robbing Peter to pay Paul: on the nature of the welfare state. In: Against the tide. Henry Regnery, Chicago, pp 203–212Google Scholar
  27. Röpke W (1959) The economic necessity of freedom. Modern Age 1959(Summer):227–236Google Scholar
  28. Röpke W (1961) The free West. In: Hunold A (ed) Freedom and serfdom: an anthology of Western thought. D. Reidel, Dordrecht, pp 59–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Röpke W (1963a) How to deal with the communists. The Individualist 1963(January-February):1–6Google Scholar
  30. Röpke W (1963b) The crisis of European economic integration. Swiss Credit Bank 1963(July):4–12Google Scholar
  31. Röpke W (1963c) A world without a world monetary order. The South African Institute of International Affairs, JohannesburgGoogle Scholar
  32. Röpke W (1964a) Welfare, freedom and inflation. University of Alabama Press, AlabamaGoogle Scholar
  33. Röpke W (1964b) European economic integration and its problems. Modern Age 1964(Summer):231–243Google Scholar
  34. Röpke W (1964c) Economic prosperity and its lessons. S Afr J Econ 1964(September):187–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Röpke W (1966) The place of the nation. Modern Age 1966(Spring):119–129Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tommy & Victoria Baker School of BusinessThe CitadelCharlestonUSA

Personalised recommendations